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Patellar tilt and thickness do not influence postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty

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Abstract
The purpose of this short-term study was to determine whether patellar thickness and tilt influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Between 2007 and 2009, 106 patients underwent surgery for TKA using rotating platform flex prosthesis (DePuy, Warsaw, Ind). All of them were suffering from end-stage osteoarthritis. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 12 months of follow-up. Maximum active, non-weight-bearing flexion was the primary outcome parameter. Standard standing antero-posterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs were made. The patellofemoral joints were evaluated in skyline views taken with the knees at approximately 60A degrees of flexion. Patellar thickness, patellar tilt, Caton-Deschamps indices and lower limb alignment were measured. The mean flexion observed before surgery was 125A degrees A A +/- A 15A degrees and after 1 year was 128A degrees A A +/- A 13A degrees. The mean patellar thickness preoperatively was 24.5 +/- A 2.9 and 25.8 +/- A 3.2 mm at 12 months after surgery. The mean patellar tilt before the procedure was 2.9A degrees A A +/- A 4.1A degrees and after 12 months of follow-up was -0.8A degrees A A +/- A 5.0A degrees. The mean preoperative hip-knee-ankle was 2.6A degrees A A +/- A 6.2A degrees. No significant correlation was found between postoperative patellar tilt and thickness and postoperative flexion (n.s.). Patellar tilt and thickness after TKA are factors that depend on the surgery. The resection of the patella can influence both patellar thickness and patellar tilt. By developing adequate surgical instruments, it would be possible to avoid the occurrence of an exaggerated patellar tilt or a major difference in patellar thickness. However, these two factors did not seem to influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design TKA, which can be seen as one of the most important outcome factors after TKA.
Keywords
BEARING, RANGE, SURGERY, SUBLUXATION, REPLACEMENT, MOTION, FOLLOW-UP, STANDARD, TRACKING, TKA, High-flex, Flexion, Thickness, Patellar, Tilt, PAIN

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Chicago
Dhollander, Aad, David Bassens, Jan Victor, and Peter Verdonk. 2013. “Patellar Tilt and Thickness Do Not Influence Postoperative Flexion in a High-flex Design Total Knee Arthroplasty.” Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 21 (12): 2817–2822.
APA
Dhollander, A., Bassens, D., Victor, J., & Verdonk, P. (2013). Patellar tilt and thickness do not influence postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 21(12), 2817–2822.
Vancouver
1.
Dhollander A, Bassens D, Victor J, Verdonk P. Patellar tilt and thickness do not influence postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY. 2013;21(12):2817–22.
MLA
Dhollander, Aad, David Bassens, Jan Victor, et al. “Patellar Tilt and Thickness Do Not Influence Postoperative Flexion in a High-flex Design Total Knee Arthroplasty.” KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY 21.12 (2013): 2817–2822. Print.
@article{4212846,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this short-term study was to determine whether patellar thickness and tilt influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Between 2007 and 2009, 106 patients underwent surgery for TKA using rotating platform flex prosthesis (DePuy, Warsaw, Ind). All of them were suffering from end-stage osteoarthritis. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 12 months of follow-up. Maximum active, non-weight-bearing flexion was the primary outcome parameter. Standard standing antero-posterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs were made. The patellofemoral joints were evaluated in skyline views taken with the knees at approximately 60A degrees of flexion. Patellar thickness, patellar tilt, Caton-Deschamps indices and lower limb alignment were measured.
The mean flexion observed before surgery was 125A degrees A A +/- A 15A degrees and after 1 year was 128A degrees A A +/- A 13A degrees. The mean patellar thickness preoperatively was 24.5 +/- A 2.9 and 25.8 +/- A 3.2 mm at 12 months after surgery. The mean patellar tilt before the procedure was 2.9A degrees A A +/- A 4.1A degrees and after 12 months of follow-up was -0.8A degrees A A +/- A 5.0A degrees. The mean preoperative hip-knee-ankle was 2.6A degrees A A +/- A 6.2A degrees. No significant correlation was found between postoperative patellar tilt and thickness and postoperative flexion (n.s.).
Patellar tilt and thickness after TKA are factors that depend on the surgery. The resection of the patella can influence both patellar thickness and patellar tilt. By developing adequate surgical instruments, it would be possible to avoid the occurrence of an exaggerated patellar tilt or a major difference in patellar thickness. However, these two factors did not seem to influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design TKA, which can be seen as one of the most important outcome factors after TKA.},
  author       = {Dhollander, Aad and Bassens, David and Victor, Jan and Verdonk, Peter},
  issn         = {0942-2056},
  journal      = {KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2817--2822},
  title        = {Patellar tilt and thickness do not influence postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2245-6},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2013},
}

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