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Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae fed Artemia nauplii enriched with poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : effect on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes, gut microbial community, gut histology and stress tests

(2015) AQUACULTURE RESEARCH. 46(4). p.801-812
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Abstract
The effects of feeding Artemia nauplii enriched with or without poly--hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and/or highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) on Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae were investigated. Feeding larvae with PHB-enriched nauplii (PHB, PHB + HUFA) decreased the growth performance of the larvae. PHB affected the body composition by increasing the lipid content of the whole body and decreasing total saturated, monoenoic, n3, n6 and decosahexanoeic acid (DHA) in the larvae, indicating that the PHB addition affected lipid metabolism. A high activity of pepsin was observed in the digestive extracts of PHB treatments (PHB, PHB + HUFA), while PHB suppressed amylase activity in the intestine of the larvae. Based on molecular analysis, PHB changed the microbial community in the distal intestine of the larvae. The highest counts of goblet cells were observed in the HUFA-containing treatments (HUFA, PHB + HUFA), indicating that HUFA addition may improve the mucosal barrier defence system. The overall quality of the larvae was evaluated by exposing them to different salinities and ammonia stress levels. PHB decreased survival rates in these challenges. Our results show that optimal PHB doses for bio-encapsulation into Artemia remain to be determined for further application at the earliest larval stages of sturgeon.
Keywords
digestive enzymes, gut microbial community, body composition, growth performance, sturgeon, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate, stress tests, gut histology, SALVELINUS-ALPINUS L., PATHOGENIC VIBRIO-CAMPBELLII, ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS WALBAUM, CHAIN FATTY-ACIDS, SALMO-SALAR L., ARCTIC CHARR, RAINBOW-TROUT, CITRIC-ACID, DIETARY, DIGESTIBILITY

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Chicago
Hossein Najdegerami, Ebrahim, Sri Kartik Baruah, Alireza Shiri, Anamaria Rekecki, Wim Van Den Broeck, Patrick Sorgeloos, Nico Boon, Peter Bossier, and Peter De Schryver. 2015. “Siberian Sturgeon (Acipenser Baerii) Larvae Fed Artemia Nauplii Enriched with Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : Effect on Growth Performance, Body Composition, Digestive Enzymes, Gut Microbial Community, Gut Histology and Stress Tests.” Aquaculture Research 46 (4): 801–812.
APA
Hossein Najdegerami, E., Baruah, S. K., Shiri, A., Rekecki, A., Van Den Broeck, W., Sorgeloos, P., Boon, N., et al. (2015). Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae fed Artemia nauplii enriched with poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : effect on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes, gut microbial community, gut histology and stress tests. AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, 46(4), 801–812.
Vancouver
1.
Hossein Najdegerami E, Baruah SK, Shiri A, Rekecki A, Van Den Broeck W, Sorgeloos P, et al. Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae fed Artemia nauplii enriched with poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : effect on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes, gut microbial community, gut histology and stress tests. AQUACULTURE RESEARCH. 2015;46(4):801–12.
MLA
Hossein Najdegerami, Ebrahim, Sri Kartik Baruah, Alireza Shiri, et al. “Siberian Sturgeon (Acipenser Baerii) Larvae Fed Artemia Nauplii Enriched with Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : Effect on Growth Performance, Body Composition, Digestive Enzymes, Gut Microbial Community, Gut Histology and Stress Tests.” AQUACULTURE RESEARCH 46.4 (2015): 801–812. Print.
@article{4209739,
  abstract     = {The effects of feeding Artemia nauplii enriched with or without poly--hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and/or highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) on Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae were investigated. Feeding larvae with PHB-enriched nauplii (PHB, PHB + HUFA) decreased the growth performance of the larvae. PHB affected the body composition by increasing the lipid content of the whole body and decreasing total saturated, monoenoic, n3, n6 and decosahexanoeic acid (DHA) in the larvae, indicating that the PHB addition affected lipid metabolism. A high activity of pepsin was observed in the digestive extracts of PHB treatments (PHB, PHB + HUFA), while PHB suppressed amylase activity in the intestine of the larvae. Based on molecular analysis, PHB changed the microbial community in the distal intestine of the larvae. The highest counts of goblet cells were observed in the HUFA-containing treatments (HUFA, PHB + HUFA), indicating that HUFA addition may improve the mucosal barrier defence system. The overall quality of the larvae was evaluated by exposing them to different salinities and ammonia stress levels. PHB decreased survival rates in these challenges. Our results show that optimal PHB doses for bio-encapsulation into Artemia remain to be determined for further application at the earliest larval stages of sturgeon.},
  author       = {Hossein Najdegerami, Ebrahim and Baruah, Sri Kartik and Shiri, Alireza and Rekecki, Anamaria and Van Den Broeck, Wim and Sorgeloos, Patrick and Boon, Nico and Bossier, Peter and De Schryver, Peter},
  issn         = {1355-557X},
  journal      = {AQUACULTURE RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {digestive enzymes,gut microbial community,body composition,growth performance,sturgeon,poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate,stress tests,gut histology,SALVELINUS-ALPINUS L.,PATHOGENIC VIBRIO-CAMPBELLII,ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS WALBAUM,CHAIN FATTY-ACIDS,SALMO-SALAR L.,ARCTIC CHARR,RAINBOW-TROUT,CITRIC-ACID,DIETARY,DIGESTIBILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {801--812},
  title        = {Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii) larvae fed Artemia nauplii enriched with poly-\ensuremath{\beta}-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) : effect on growth performance, body composition, digestive enzymes, gut microbial community, gut histology and stress tests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12231},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2015},
}

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