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Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health

(2013) NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. 30(6). p.716-722
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Abstract
Among pollinators, honeybees are the most important ones and exert the essential key ecosystem service of pollination for many crops, fruit and wild plants. Indeed, several crops are strictly dependent on honeybee pollination. Since few decades, honeybees are facing large-scale losses worldwide, the causes of which are found in the interaction of several biotic and abiotic factors, such as the use of pesticides, the habitat loss, the spread of pathogens and parasites and the occurrence of climate changes. Insect symbionts are emerging as a potential tool to protect beneficial insects, ameliorating the innate immune homeostasis and contributing to the general insect wellbeing. A review about the microbial symbionts associated to honeybees is here presented. The importance of the honeybee microbial commensals for the maintenance and improvement of honeybee health is discussed. Several stressors like infestations of Varroa mites and the use of pesticides can contribute to the occurrence of dysbiosis phenomena, resulting in a perturbation of the microbiocenosis established in the honeybee body.
Keywords
POLLINATORS, HYMENOPTERA, FLY, BACTERIA, IDENTIFICATION, DIVERSITY, BEE, GUT MICROBIOME, PARTIAL-PURIFICATION, IMMUNE HOMEOSTASIS

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Chicago
Crotti, Elena, Luigi Sansonno, Erica M Prosdocimi, Violetta Vacchini, Chadlia Hamdi, Ameur Cherif, Elena Gonella, Massimo Marzorati, and Annalisa Balloi. 2013. “Microbial Symbionts of Honeybees: a Promising Tool to Improve Honeybee Health.” New Biotechnology 30 (6): 716–722.
APA
Crotti, E., Sansonno, L., Prosdocimi, E. M., Vacchini, V., Hamdi, C., Cherif, A., Gonella, E., et al. (2013). Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY, 30(6), 716–722.
Vancouver
1.
Crotti E, Sansonno L, Prosdocimi EM, Vacchini V, Hamdi C, Cherif A, et al. Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2013;30(6):716–22.
MLA
Crotti, Elena, Luigi Sansonno, Erica M Prosdocimi, et al. “Microbial Symbionts of Honeybees: a Promising Tool to Improve Honeybee Health.” NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY 30.6 (2013): 716–722. Print.
@article{4206724,
  abstract     = {Among pollinators, honeybees are the most important ones and exert the essential key ecosystem service of pollination for many crops, fruit and wild plants. Indeed, several crops are strictly dependent on honeybee pollination. Since few decades, honeybees are facing large-scale losses worldwide, the causes of which are found in the interaction of several biotic and abiotic factors, such as the use of pesticides, the habitat loss, the spread of pathogens and parasites and the occurrence of climate changes. Insect symbionts are emerging as a potential tool to protect beneficial insects, ameliorating the innate immune homeostasis and contributing to the general insect wellbeing. A review about the microbial symbionts associated to honeybees is here presented. The importance of the honeybee microbial commensals for the maintenance and improvement of honeybee health is discussed. Several stressors like infestations of Varroa mites and the use of pesticides can contribute to the occurrence of dysbiosis phenomena, resulting in a perturbation of the microbiocenosis established in the honeybee body.},
  author       = {Crotti, Elena and Sansonno, Luigi and Prosdocimi, Erica M and Vacchini, Violetta and Hamdi, Chadlia and Cherif, Ameur and Gonella, Elena and Marzorati, Massimo and Balloi, Annalisa},
  issn         = {1871-6784},
  journal      = {NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {POLLINATORS,HYMENOPTERA,FLY,BACTERIA,IDENTIFICATION,DIVERSITY,BEE,GUT MICROBIOME,PARTIAL-PURIFICATION,IMMUNE HOMEOSTASIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {716--722},
  title        = {Microbial symbionts of honeybees: a promising tool to improve honeybee health},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbt.2013.05.004},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2013},
}

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