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War-related experiences of former child soldiers in northern Uganda: a comparison study with non-recruited youth.

Sofie Vindevogel (UGent) , Maarten De Schryver (UGent) , Eric Broekaert (UGent) and Ilse Derluyn (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
Background: Armed conflict imposes huge hardship on young people living in war zones. This study assessed former child soldiers' experience and perception of stress in common war events during the armed conflict in northern Uganda and compares it with their non-recruited counterparts. Aim: To investigate whether child soldiers experienced more severe exposure to war events, and explore how war might affect youths differently, depending on the co-occurrence of these events. Methods: The study was undertaken in four northern Ugandan districts in 22 secondary schools with a sample size of 981 youths, about half of whom had been child soldiers. The participants completed a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics and stressful war events which was analyzed using descriptive statistics, a probabilistic index and correlation network analysis. Results: Former child soldiers had significantly greater experience of war events than their non-recruited counterparts. The violence of war is more central in their experience and perception of stress, whereas the scarcity of resources and poor living conditions are most central for non-recruited participants. The extent to which a war event, such as separation from the family, is perceived as stressful depends on the experience and perception of other stressful war events, such as confrontation with war violence for former child soldiers and life in an Internally Displaced Persons' camp for non-recruited participants. Conclusion: The network approach permitted demonstration of the many ways in which war-affected youths encounter and appraise stressful war events. War events might function as moderators or mediators of the effect that other war events exert on the lives and well-being of young people living in war zones. This demands comprehensive and individualized assessment.
Keywords
LORDS RESISTANCE ARMY, POLITICAL VIOLENCE, MENTAL-HEALTH, FORCED CONSCRIPTION, REINTEGRATION, CONSEQUENCES, RESILIENCE, RISK, LIFE, Child soldiers, War-affected youths, Armed conflict, Child maltreatment, Stressful war events, Northern Uganda

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Citation

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MLA
Vindevogel, Sofie, Maarten De Schryver, Eric Broekaert, et al. “War-related Experiences of Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda: a Comparison Study with Non-recruited Youth.” PAEDIATRICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHILD HEALTH 33.4 (2013): 281–291. Print.
APA
Vindevogel, S., De Schryver, M., Broekaert, E., & Derluyn, I. (2013). War-related experiences of former child soldiers in northern Uganda: a comparison study with non-recruited youth. PAEDIATRICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHILD HEALTH, 33(4), 281–291.
Chicago author-date
Vindevogel, Sofie, Maarten De Schryver, Eric Broekaert, and Ilse Derluyn. 2013. “War-related Experiences of Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda: a Comparison Study with Non-recruited Youth.” Paediatrics and International Child Health 33 (4): 281–291.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vindevogel, Sofie, Maarten De Schryver, Eric Broekaert, and Ilse Derluyn. 2013. “War-related Experiences of Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda: a Comparison Study with Non-recruited Youth.” Paediatrics and International Child Health 33 (4): 281–291.
Vancouver
1.
Vindevogel S, De Schryver M, Broekaert E, Derluyn I. War-related experiences of former child soldiers in northern Uganda: a comparison study with non-recruited youth. PAEDIATRICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHILD HEALTH. 2013;33(4):281–91.
IEEE
[1]
S. Vindevogel, M. De Schryver, E. Broekaert, and I. Derluyn, “War-related experiences of former child soldiers in northern Uganda: a comparison study with non-recruited youth.,” PAEDIATRICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHILD HEALTH, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 281–291, 2013.
@article{4206249,
  abstract     = {Background: Armed conflict imposes huge hardship on young people living in war zones. This study assessed former child soldiers' experience and perception of stress in common war events during the armed conflict in northern Uganda and compares it with their non-recruited counterparts. Aim: To investigate whether child soldiers experienced more severe exposure to war events, and explore how war might affect youths differently, depending on the co-occurrence of these events. Methods: The study was undertaken in four northern Ugandan districts in 22 secondary schools with a sample size of 981 youths, about half of whom had been child soldiers. The participants completed a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics and stressful war events which was analyzed using descriptive statistics, a probabilistic index and correlation network analysis. Results: Former child soldiers had significantly greater experience of war events than their non-recruited counterparts. The violence of war is more central in their experience and perception of stress, whereas the scarcity of resources and poor living conditions are most central for non-recruited participants. The extent to which a war event, such as separation from the family, is perceived as stressful depends on the experience and perception of other stressful war events, such as confrontation with war violence for former child soldiers and life in an Internally Displaced Persons' camp for non-recruited participants. Conclusion: The network approach permitted demonstration of the many ways in which war-affected youths encounter and appraise stressful war events. War events might function as moderators or mediators of the effect that other war events exert on the lives and well-being of young people living in war zones. This demands comprehensive and individualized assessment.},
  author       = {Vindevogel, Sofie and De Schryver, Maarten and Broekaert, Eric and Derluyn, Ilse},
  issn         = {2046-9047},
  journal      = {PAEDIATRICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHILD HEALTH},
  keywords     = {LORDS RESISTANCE ARMY,POLITICAL VIOLENCE,MENTAL-HEALTH,FORCED CONSCRIPTION,REINTEGRATION,CONSEQUENCES,RESILIENCE,RISK,LIFE,Child soldiers,War-affected youths,Armed conflict,Child maltreatment,Stressful war events,Northern Uganda},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {281--291},
  title        = {War-related experiences of former child soldiers in northern Uganda: a comparison study with non-recruited youth.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/2046905513Y.0000000084},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2013},
}

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