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Changes in back fat thickness during late gestation predict colostrum yield in sows

Ruben Decaluwe, Dominiek Maes UGent, Ilse Declerck, An Cools UGent, Brigitte Wuyts, Stefaan De Smet UGent and Geert Janssens UGent (2013) ANIMAL. 7(12). p.1999-2007
abstract
Directing protein and energy sources towards lactation is crucial to optimise milk production in sows but how this influences colostrum yield (CY) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify associations between CY and the sow’s use of nutrient resources. We included 37 sows in the study that were all housed, fed and managed similarly. Parity, back fat change (ΔBF), CY and performance parameters were measured. We obtained sow serum samples 3 to 4 days before farrowing and at D1 of lactation following overnight fasting. These were analysed for non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), urea, creatinine, (iso) butyrylcarnitine (C4) and immunoglobulins G (IgG) and A (IgA). The colostrum samples collected 3, 6 and 24 h after the birth of the first piglet were analysed for their nutrient and immunoglobulins content. The technical parameters associated with CY were parity group (a; parities 1 to 3 =value 0 v. parities 4 to 7 =value 1) and ΔBF D85-D109 of gestation (mm) (b): CY (g) =4290–842a–113b. ( R2=0.41, P<0.001). The gestation length ( P<0.001) and the ΔBF between D109 and D1 of lactation (P=0.050) were identified as possible underlying factors of the parity group. The metabolic parameters associated with CY were C4 at 3 to 4 days before farrowing (a), and 10logC4 (b) and 10logNEFA (c) at D1 of lactation: CY ( g) =3582–1604a+1007b− 922c ( R2=0.39, P=0.001). The colostrum composition was independent of CY. The negative association between CY and ΔBF D85-D109 of gestation could not be further explained based on our data. Sows that were catabolic 1 week prior to farrowing seemed unable to produce colostrum to their full potential. This was especially the case for sows with parities 4 to 7, although they had a similar feed intake, litter birth weight and colostrum composition compared with parities 1 to 3 sows. In conclusion, this study showed that parity and the use of body fat and protein reserves during late gestation were associated with CY, indicating that proper management of the sow’s body condition during late gestation could optimise the intrinsic capacity of the sow’s CY.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
parity, condition, sow, colostrum, PRIMIPAROUS SOWS, MAMMARY-GLAND, NEWBORN PIGS, ENERGY, GILTS, VARIABILITY, PHYSIOLOGY, PREGNANCY, IMMUNITY, LEPTIN
journal title
ANIMAL
Animal
volume
7
issue
12
pages
1999 - 2007
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000330464900014
JCR category
AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
JCR impact factor
1.784 (2013)
JCR rank
7/52 (2013)
JCR quartile
1 (2013)
ISSN
1751-7311
DOI
10.1017/S1751731113001791
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4206183
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4206183
date created
2013-12-11 09:49:37
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:42
@article{4206183,
  abstract     = {Directing protein and energy sources towards lactation is crucial to optimise milk production in sows but how this influences colostrum yield (CY) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify associations between CY and the sow{\textquoteright}s use of nutrient resources. We included 37 sows in the study that were all housed, fed and managed similarly. Parity, back fat change (\ensuremath{\Delta}BF), CY and performance parameters were measured. We obtained sow serum samples 3 to 4 days before farrowing and at D1 of lactation following overnight fasting. These were analysed for non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), urea, creatinine, (iso) butyrylcarnitine (C4) and immunoglobulins G (IgG) and A (IgA). The colostrum samples collected 3, 6 and 24 h after the birth of the first piglet were analysed for their nutrient and immunoglobulins content. The technical parameters associated with CY were parity group (a; parities 1 to 3 =value 0 v. parities 4 to 7 =value 1) and \ensuremath{\Delta}BF D85-D109 of gestation (mm) (b): CY (g) =4290--842a--113b. ( R2=0.41, P{\textlangle}0.001). The gestation length ( P{\textlangle}0.001) and the \ensuremath{\Delta}BF between D109 and D1 of lactation (P=0.050) were identified as possible underlying factors of the parity group. The metabolic parameters associated with CY were C4 at 3 to 4 days before farrowing (a), and 10logC4 (b) and 10logNEFA (c) at D1 of lactation: CY ( g) =3582--1604a+1007b\ensuremath{-} 922c ( R2=0.39, P=0.001). The colostrum composition was independent of CY. The negative association between CY and \ensuremath{\Delta}BF D85-D109 of gestation could not be further explained based on our data. Sows that were catabolic 1 week prior to farrowing seemed unable to produce colostrum to their full potential. This was especially the case for sows with parities 4 to 7, although they had a similar feed intake, litter birth weight and colostrum composition compared with parities 1 to 3 sows. In conclusion, this study showed that parity and the use of body fat and protein reserves during late gestation were associated with CY, indicating that proper management of the sow{\textquoteright}s body condition during late gestation could optimise the intrinsic capacity of the sow{\textquoteright}s CY.},
  author       = {Decaluwe, Ruben and Maes, Dominiek and Declerck, Ilse and Cools, An and Wuyts, Brigitte and De Smet, Stefaan and Janssens, Geert},
  issn         = {1751-7311},
  journal      = {ANIMAL},
  keyword      = {parity,condition,sow,colostrum,PRIMIPAROUS SOWS,MAMMARY-GLAND,NEWBORN PIGS,ENERGY,GILTS,VARIABILITY,PHYSIOLOGY,PREGNANCY,IMMUNITY,LEPTIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1999--2007},
  title        = {Changes in back fat thickness during late gestation predict colostrum yield in sows},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731113001791},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Decaluwe, Ruben, Dominiek Maes, Ilse Declerck, An Cools, Brigitte Wuyts, Stefaan De Smet, and Geert Janssens. 2013. “Changes in Back Fat Thickness During Late Gestation Predict Colostrum Yield in Sows.” Animal 7 (12): 1999–2007.
APA
Decaluwe, R., Maes, D., Declerck, I., Cools, A., Wuyts, B., De Smet, S., & Janssens, G. (2013). Changes in back fat thickness during late gestation predict colostrum yield in sows. ANIMAL, 7(12), 1999–2007.
Vancouver
1.
Decaluwe R, Maes D, Declerck I, Cools A, Wuyts B, De Smet S, et al. Changes in back fat thickness during late gestation predict colostrum yield in sows. ANIMAL. 2013;7(12):1999–2007.
MLA
Decaluwe, Ruben, Dominiek Maes, Ilse Declerck, et al. “Changes in Back Fat Thickness During Late Gestation Predict Colostrum Yield in Sows.” ANIMAL 7.12 (2013): 1999–2007. Print.