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The mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors on arrival in the host country

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Abstract
Despite increasing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UM) in Europe and heightened concerns for this group, research on their mental health has seldom included the factor time since arrival. As a result, our knowledge of the mental health statuses of UM at specific points in time and over periods in their resettlement trajectories in European host countries is limited. This study therefore examined the mental health of UM shortly after their arrival in Norway (n=204) and Belgium (n=103) through the use of self-report questionnaires (HSCL-37A, SLE, RATS, HTQ). High prevalence scores of anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were found. In addition, particular associations were found with the number of traumatic events the UM reported. The results indicate that all UM have high support needs on arrival in the host country. Longitudinal studies following up patterns of continuity and change in their mental health during their trajectories in the host country are necessary.
Keywords
EXPERIENCES, Norway, DEPRESSION, RISK, Unaccompanied refugee minors, CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, HARVARD TRAUMA QUESTIONNAIRE, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, MULTIPLE LANGUAGE VERSIONS, Belgium, mental health

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Citation

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Chicago
Vervliet, Marianne, Melinda Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, Trond Heir, Ilse Derluyn, and Eric Broekaert. 2014. “The Mental Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors on Arrival in the Host Country.” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 55 (1): 33–37.
APA
Vervliet, M., Meyer DeMott, M., Jakobsen, M., Heir, T., Derluyn, I., & Broekaert, E. (2014). The mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors on arrival in the host country. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 55(1), 33–37.
Vancouver
1.
Vervliet M, Meyer DeMott M, Jakobsen M, Heir T, Derluyn I, Broekaert E. The mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors on arrival in the host country. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY. 2014;55(1):33–7.
MLA
Vervliet, Marianne, Melinda Meyer DeMott, Marianne Jakobsen, et al. “The Mental Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors on Arrival in the Host Country.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 55.1 (2014): 33–37. Print.
@article{4195746,
  abstract     = {Despite increasing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UM) in Europe and heightened concerns for this group, research on their mental health has seldom included the factor time since arrival. As a result, our knowledge of the mental health statuses of UM at specific points in time and over periods in their resettlement trajectories in European host countries is limited. This study therefore examined the mental health of UM shortly after their arrival in Norway (n=204) and Belgium (n=103) through the use of self-report questionnaires (HSCL-37A, SLE, RATS, HTQ). High prevalence scores of anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were found. In addition, particular associations were found with the number of traumatic events the UM reported. The results indicate that all UM have high support needs on arrival in the host country. Longitudinal studies following up patterns of continuity and change in their mental health during their trajectories in the host country are necessary.},
  author       = {Vervliet, Marianne and Meyer DeMott, Melinda and Jakobsen, Marianne and Heir, Trond and Derluyn, Ilse and Broekaert, Eric},
  issn         = {0036-5564},
  journal      = {SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {33--37},
  title        = {The mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors on arrival in the host country},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12094},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2014},
}

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