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Development and evaluation of a new occupational medicine teaching module to advance self-efficacy and knowledge among medical students

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Abstract
Objectives: Self-efficacy is defined as a person’s beliefs in his or her abilities to successfully complete a task, and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a new European teaching module in occupational medicine on undergraduate students’ self-efficacy and knowledge in the subject matter. Methods: Pre-, in-between, and posttraining tests were used to assess self-efficacy and knowledge building of 261 third-year medical students on occupational health issues. Determinants of self-efficacy and knowledge were also identified. Repeated measurement data were analyzed with multilevel statistical procedures. Results: The level of self-efficacy and knowledge in occupational medicine increased after the training. Students who frequently attended the lectures scored significantly higher than sporadic attendees. There was no relation between the level of self-efficacy and the final knowledge score. Conclusions: Teaching with the new occupational medicine module was effective. Lecture attendance is an important determinant of self-efficacy and performance. Self-efficacy was not associated with knowledge.
Keywords
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, PERFORMANCE, PARTICIPATION, ATTITUDE, HEALTH

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Chicago
Braeckman, Lutgart, Bart De Clercq, Heidi Janssens, Jean-François Gehanno, Petar Bulat, Elena-Ana Pauncu, Paul Smits, Frank van Dijk, Ruben Vanderlinde, and Martin Valcke. 2013. “Development and Evaluation of a New Occupational Medicine Teaching Module to Advance Self-efficacy and Knowledge Among Medical Students.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 55 (11): 1276–1280.
APA
Braeckman, Lutgart, De Clercq, B., Janssens, H., Gehanno, J.-F., Bulat, P., Pauncu, E.-A., Smits, P., et al. (2013). Development and evaluation of a new occupational medicine teaching module to advance self-efficacy and knowledge among medical students. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 55(11), 1276–1280.
Vancouver
1.
Braeckman L, De Clercq B, Janssens H, Gehanno J-F, Bulat P, Pauncu E-A, et al. Development and evaluation of a new occupational medicine teaching module to advance self-efficacy and knowledge among medical students. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE. 2013;55(11):1276–80.
MLA
Braeckman, Lutgart, Bart De Clercq, Heidi Janssens, et al. “Development and Evaluation of a New Occupational Medicine Teaching Module to Advance Self-efficacy and Knowledge Among Medical Students.” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 55.11 (2013): 1276–1280. Print.
@article{4177759,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Self-efficacy is defined as a person’s beliefs in his or her abilities to successfully complete a task, and has been shown to influence student motivation and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a new European teaching module in occupational medicine on undergraduate students’ self-efficacy and knowledge in the subject matter.
Methods: Pre-, in-between, and posttraining tests were used to assess self-efficacy and knowledge building of 261 third-year medical students on occupational health issues. Determinants of self-efficacy and knowledge were also identified. Repeated measurement data were analyzed with multilevel statistical procedures.
Results: The level of self-efficacy and knowledge in occupational medicine increased after the training. Students who frequently attended the lectures scored significantly higher than sporadic attendees. There was no relation between the level of self-efficacy and the final knowledge score.
Conclusions: Teaching with the new occupational medicine module was effective. Lecture attendance is an important determinant of self-efficacy and performance. Self-efficacy was not associated with knowledge.},
  author       = {Braeckman, Lutgart and De Clercq, Bart and Janssens, Heidi and Gehanno, Jean-François and Bulat, Petar and Pauncu, Elena-Ana and Smits, Paul and van Dijk, Frank and Vanderlinde, Ruben and Valcke, Martin},
  issn         = {1076-2752},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE},
  keywords     = {RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,PERFORMANCE,PARTICIPATION,ATTITUDE,HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1276--1280},
  title        = {Development and evaluation of a new occupational medicine teaching module to advance self-efficacy and knowledge among medical students},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182a50016},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2013},
}

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