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Performance and quality of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and mixtures of both species grown with or without white clover (Trifolium repens L.) under cutting management

(2014) GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE. 69(4). p.666-677
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Abstract
There is increasing interest in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Western Europe and elsewhere, mainly because of its better drought resistance and yield potential compared with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Important drawbacks of tall fescue, compared with perennial ryegrass, are its lower digestibility and voluntary intake. Mixtures of both species might combine the advantages of each, and species interactions may eventually lead to transgressive overyielding. We compared the agronomic performance of tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue-perennial ryegrass mixtures, as pure-grass swards or in association with white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Tall fescue-perennial ryegrass mixtures differed in the proportion and ploidy of the perennial ryegrass component. Yield, feed quality and botanical composition were measured in the 3years after the sowing year. We found significant effects of ploidy of the ryegrass variety and of the proportion of ryegrass in the initial seed mixture on the botanical composition of the swards. Nevertheless, all swards were dominated by tall fescue at the end of the experiment. No overyielding of the mixtures compared with that of single-species swards was found, but feed quality was intermediate between that of the single-species swards. Mixed swards had better drought resistance than L.perenne and higher feeding quality than F.arundinacea swards.
Keywords
digestibility, herbage yield, botanical composition, overyielding, BIODIVERSITY EXPERIMENTS, GRASSES, PRODUCTIVITY, FREQUENCY, TEMPERATE, RESPONSES, SELECTION, PASTURES, DACTYLIS

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Chicago
Cougnon, Mathias, Joost Baert, Chris Van Waes, and Dirk Reheul. 2014. “Performance and Quality of Tall Fescue (Festuca Arundinacea Schreb.) and Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium Perenne L.) and Mixtures of Both Species Grown with or Without White Clover (Trifolium Repens L.) Under Cutting Management.” Grass and Forage Science 69 (4): 666–677.
APA
Cougnon, M., Baert, J., Van Waes, C., & Reheul, D. (2014). Performance and quality of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and mixtures of both species grown with or without white clover (Trifolium repens L.) under cutting management. GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE, 69(4), 666–677.
Vancouver
1.
Cougnon M, Baert J, Van Waes C, Reheul D. Performance and quality of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and mixtures of both species grown with or without white clover (Trifolium repens L.) under cutting management. GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE. 2014;69(4):666–77.
MLA
Cougnon, Mathias et al. “Performance and Quality of Tall Fescue (Festuca Arundinacea Schreb.) and Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium Perenne L.) and Mixtures of Both Species Grown with or Without White Clover (Trifolium Repens L.) Under Cutting Management.” GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE 69.4 (2014): 666–677. Print.
@article{4171984,
  abstract     = {There is increasing interest in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Western Europe and elsewhere, mainly because of its better drought resistance and yield potential compared with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Important drawbacks of tall fescue, compared with perennial ryegrass, are its lower digestibility and voluntary intake. Mixtures of both species might combine the advantages of each, and species interactions may eventually lead to transgressive overyielding. We compared the agronomic performance of tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue-perennial ryegrass mixtures, as pure-grass swards or in association with white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Tall fescue-perennial ryegrass mixtures differed in the proportion and ploidy of the perennial ryegrass component. Yield, feed quality and botanical composition were measured in the 3years after the sowing year. We found significant effects of ploidy of the ryegrass variety and of the proportion of ryegrass in the initial seed mixture on the botanical composition of the swards. Nevertheless, all swards were dominated by tall fescue at the end of the experiment. No overyielding of the mixtures compared with that of single-species swards was found, but feed quality was intermediate between that of the single-species swards. Mixed swards had better drought resistance than L.perenne and higher feeding quality than F.arundinacea swards.},
  author       = {Cougnon, Mathias and Baert, Joost and Van Waes, Chris and Reheul, Dirk},
  issn         = {0142-5242},
  journal      = {GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {digestibility,herbage yield,botanical composition,overyielding,BIODIVERSITY EXPERIMENTS,GRASSES,PRODUCTIVITY,FREQUENCY,TEMPERATE,RESPONSES,SELECTION,PASTURES,DACTYLIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {666--677},
  title        = {Performance and quality of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and mixtures of both species grown with or without white clover (Trifolium repens L.) under cutting management},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gfs.12102},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2014},
}

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