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Why do Swedes cooperate with the police? A SEM analysis of Tyler's procedural justice model

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Abstract
The present article examines why Swedes cooperate with the police using the framework of the procedural justice theory. This theory assumes that trust in procedural justice and in the effectiveness of the police are important issues in shaping citizens’ perceptions of police legitimacy. Additionally, perceived legitimacy is necessary for the recognition of police authority. When citizens recognize the right of the police to exercise authority, they are assumed to feel an obligation to obey the police, and ultimately they will have a greater tendency to cooperate with them. Because of the ongoing discussion about the meaning and conceptualization of the concept of ‘legitimacy’, some additional ideas are described and are also taken into account in the model that we tested. We used structural equation modelling (SEM) to do the analysis, which was conducted on data available from the European Social Survey (ESS) Round 5. The results indicate that trust in the procedural justice of the police plays an important role in the explanation of citizens’ willingness to cooperate with the police through perceptions of moral alignment and feelings of obligation to obey the police. However, there is still a high percentage of individual variance in willingness to cooperate with the police that cannot be explained by the model we tested. The implications of the findings are discussed.
Keywords
DETERRENCE, LAW, TRUST, LEGITIMACY, PUBLIC SATISFACTION, FAIRNESS, SUPPORT, Cooperation, European Social Survey, Procedural justice, Trust in the police, CONFIDENCE, ENCOUNTERS

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Chicago
Van Damme, Anjuli, Lieven Pauwels, and Robert Svensson. 2015. “Why Do Swedes Cooperate with the Police? A SEM Analysis of Tyler’s Procedural Justice Model.” European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 21 (1): 15–33.
APA
Van Damme, Anjuli, Pauwels, L., & Svensson, R. (2015). Why do Swedes cooperate with the police? A SEM analysis of Tyler’s procedural justice model. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH, 21(1), 15–33.
Vancouver
1.
Van Damme A, Pauwels L, Svensson R. Why do Swedes cooperate with the police? A SEM analysis of Tyler’s procedural justice model. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. 2015;21(1):15–33.
MLA
Van Damme, Anjuli, Lieven Pauwels, and Robert Svensson. “Why Do Swedes Cooperate with the Police? A SEM Analysis of Tyler’s Procedural Justice Model.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH 21.1 (2015): 15–33. Print.
@article{4166440,
  abstract     = {The present article examines why Swedes cooperate with the police using the framework of the procedural justice theory. This theory assumes that trust in procedural justice and in the effectiveness of the police are important issues in shaping citizens{\textquoteright} perceptions of police legitimacy. Additionally, perceived legitimacy is necessary for the recognition of police authority. When citizens recognize the right of the police to exercise authority, they are assumed to feel an obligation to obey the police, and ultimately they will have a greater tendency to cooperate with them. Because of the ongoing discussion about the meaning and conceptualization of the concept of {\textquoteleft}legitimacy{\textquoteright}, some additional ideas are described and are also taken into account in the model that we tested. We used structural equation modelling (SEM) to do the analysis, which was conducted on data available from the European Social Survey (ESS) Round 5. The results indicate that trust in the procedural justice of the police plays an important role in the explanation of citizens{\textquoteright} willingness to cooperate with the police through perceptions of moral alignment and feelings of obligation to obey the police. However, there is still a high percentage of individual variance in willingness to cooperate with the police that cannot be explained by the model we tested. The implications of the findings are discussed.},
  author       = {Van Damme, Anjuli and Pauwels, Lieven and Svensson, Robert},
  issn         = {0928-1371},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {DETERRENCE,LAW,TRUST,LEGITIMACY,PUBLIC SATISFACTION,FAIRNESS,SUPPORT,Cooperation,European Social Survey,Procedural justice,Trust in the police,CONFIDENCE,ENCOUNTERS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {15--33},
  title        = {Why do Swedes cooperate with the police? A SEM analysis of Tyler's procedural justice model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10610-013-9224-4},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2015},
}

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