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Tracing the impact of market reform on productivity growth of rice at the farm level in Bangladesh

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Abstract
The paper measures the total factor productivity (TFP), technical change (TC) and technical efficiency change (TEC) in rice production, and traces the impact of market reform policies of the 1990s on these indices at the farm level in Bangladesh using a unique cohort of three-period panel data (1987, 2000 and 2004) of 73 farms by applying stochastic production frontier approach. Results reveal that the TFP index has increased by 27% largely due to an upward shift of the technology frontier. Although TC has increased by an impressive 57%, TEC declined by 30.1% during the post-reform period, thereby depressing overall TFP growth. The market liberalization policies exerted significantly positive impacts on TC and TFP growth but negatively on TEC. Farm size and household size also significantly improved these indices while education, tenancy and off-farm income exerted negative effects. Policy implications include continued liberalization of markets and land reform measures to increase farm size.
Keywords
EFFICIENCY, TECHNICAL INEFFICIENCY, STOCHASTIC FRONTIER MODEL, farm level, Bangladesh, IDENTIFICATION, market reform policies, technical change, technical efficiency change, TFP growth, AGRICULTURE

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MLA
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir, Ismat Ara Begum, Sanzidur Rahman, et al. “Tracing the Impact of Market Reform on Productivity Growth of Rice at the Farm Level in Bangladesh.” JOURNAL OF THE ASIA PACIFIC ECONOMY 19.3 (2014): 391–408. Print.
APA
Alam, M. J., Begum, I. A., Rahman, S., Buysse, J., & Van Huylenbroeck, G. (2014). Tracing the impact of market reform on productivity growth of rice at the farm level in Bangladesh. JOURNAL OF THE ASIA PACIFIC ECONOMY, 19(3), 391–408.
Chicago author-date
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir, Ismat Ara Begum, Sanzidur Rahman, Jeroen Buysse, and Guido Van Huylenbroeck. 2014. “Tracing the Impact of Market Reform on Productivity Growth of Rice at the Farm Level in Bangladesh.” Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 19 (3): 391–408.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir, Ismat Ara Begum, Sanzidur Rahman, Jeroen Buysse, and Guido Van Huylenbroeck. 2014. “Tracing the Impact of Market Reform on Productivity Growth of Rice at the Farm Level in Bangladesh.” Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 19 (3): 391–408.
Vancouver
1.
Alam MJ, Begum IA, Rahman S, Buysse J, Van Huylenbroeck G. Tracing the impact of market reform on productivity growth of rice at the farm level in Bangladesh. JOURNAL OF THE ASIA PACIFIC ECONOMY. 2014;19(3):391–408.
IEEE
[1]
M. J. Alam, I. A. Begum, S. Rahman, J. Buysse, and G. Van Huylenbroeck, “Tracing the impact of market reform on productivity growth of rice at the farm level in Bangladesh,” JOURNAL OF THE ASIA PACIFIC ECONOMY, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 391–408, 2014.
@article{4165075,
  abstract     = {The paper measures the total factor productivity (TFP), technical change (TC) and technical efficiency change (TEC) in rice production, and traces the impact of market reform policies of the 1990s on these indices at the farm level in Bangladesh using a unique cohort of three-period panel data (1987, 2000 and 2004) of 73 farms by applying stochastic production frontier approach. Results reveal that the TFP index has increased by 27% largely due to an upward shift of the technology frontier. Although TC has increased by an impressive 57%, TEC declined by 30.1% during the post-reform period, thereby depressing overall TFP growth. The market liberalization policies exerted significantly positive impacts on TC and TFP growth but negatively on TEC. Farm size and household size also significantly improved these indices while education, tenancy and off-farm income exerted negative effects. Policy implications include continued liberalization of markets and land reform measures to increase farm size.},
  author       = {Alam, Mohammad Jahangir and Begum, Ismat Ara and Rahman, Sanzidur and Buysse, Jeroen and Van Huylenbroeck, Guido},
  issn         = {1354-7860},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE ASIA PACIFIC ECONOMY},
  keywords     = {EFFICIENCY,TECHNICAL INEFFICIENCY,STOCHASTIC FRONTIER MODEL,farm level,Bangladesh,IDENTIFICATION,market reform policies,technical change,technical efficiency change,TFP growth,AGRICULTURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {391--408},
  title        = {Tracing the impact of market reform on productivity growth of rice at the farm level in Bangladesh},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13547860.2014.908533},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2014},
}

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