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Experimental and numerical study of furniture fires in an ISO-room for use in a fire forecasting framework

Tarek Beji (UGent) , Steven Verstockt (UGent) , Rik Van de Walle (UGent) and Bart Merci (UGent)
(2013) JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES. 31(5). p.449-468
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Abstract
The proposed method of forecasting a single-room fire growth based on inverse modelling relies upon the assimilation of temperature measurements at the doorway level from floor to soffit height. These measurements are processed in the context of a two-zone model to obtain transient profiles of neutral plane height, X-N, and upper layer temperature, T-u. An additional correlation is used to deduce the smoke layer height, h, within the fire room. The obtained profiles of T-u, X-N and h over a given period of time (the assimilation window') are used to estimate the fire growth factor, , the time delay, t(0), and the heat loss factor, (c), with a two-zone inverse modelling procedure. Instantaneous displays of the future fire development are then delivered. Experimental data of four furniture fires in an ISO-room are analysed to illustrate the proposed forecasting methodology, which provides positive lead times between 20 and 235 s, depending on the fire growth rate.
Keywords
RATES, ENTRAINMENT, MODEL, two-zone model, Single-room fire experiments, fire forecasting, COMPARTMENT FIRE, inverse modelling

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Beji, Tarek et al. “Experimental and Numerical Study of Furniture Fires in an ISO-room for Use in a Fire Forecasting Framework.” JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES 31.5 (2013): 449–468. Print.
APA
Beji, T., Verstockt, S., Van de Walle, R., & Merci, B. (2013). Experimental and numerical study of furniture fires in an ISO-room for use in a fire forecasting framework. JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES, 31(5), 449–468.
Chicago author-date
Beji, Tarek, Steven Verstockt, Rik Van de Walle, and Bart Merci. 2013. “Experimental and Numerical Study of Furniture Fires in an ISO-room for Use in a Fire Forecasting Framework.” Journal of Fire Sciences 31 (5): 449–468.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Beji, Tarek, Steven Verstockt, Rik Van de Walle, and Bart Merci. 2013. “Experimental and Numerical Study of Furniture Fires in an ISO-room for Use in a Fire Forecasting Framework.” Journal of Fire Sciences 31 (5): 449–468.
Vancouver
1.
Beji T, Verstockt S, Van de Walle R, Merci B. Experimental and numerical study of furniture fires in an ISO-room for use in a fire forecasting framework. JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES. 2013;31(5):449–68.
IEEE
[1]
T. Beji, S. Verstockt, R. Van de Walle, and B. Merci, “Experimental and numerical study of furniture fires in an ISO-room for use in a fire forecasting framework,” JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 449–468, 2013.
@article{4164958,
  abstract     = {The proposed method of forecasting a single-room fire growth based on inverse modelling relies upon the assimilation of temperature measurements at the doorway level from floor to soffit height. These measurements are processed in the context of a two-zone model to obtain transient profiles of neutral plane height, X-N, and upper layer temperature, T-u. An additional correlation is used to deduce the smoke layer height, h, within the fire room. The obtained profiles of T-u, X-N and h over a given period of time (the assimilation window') are used to estimate the fire growth factor, , the time delay, t(0), and the heat loss factor, (c), with a two-zone inverse modelling procedure. Instantaneous displays of the future fire development are then delivered. Experimental data of four furniture fires in an ISO-room are analysed to illustrate the proposed forecasting methodology, which provides positive lead times between 20 and 235 s, depending on the fire growth rate.},
  author       = {Beji, Tarek and Verstockt, Steven and Van de Walle, Rik and Merci, Bart},
  issn         = {0734-9041},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF FIRE SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {RATES,ENTRAINMENT,MODEL,two-zone model,Single-room fire experiments,fire forecasting,COMPARTMENT FIRE,inverse modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {449--468},
  title        = {Experimental and numerical study of furniture fires in an ISO-room for use in a fire forecasting framework},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734904113479774},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2013},
}

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