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Agency in an African city: the various trajectories through time and space of the public market of Kinshasa

Luce Beeckmans (UGent)
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Abstract
Kinshasa, the former Léopoldville, developed in less than one century from a few pre-colonial settlements into a metropolis of almost ten million people. In the city, the marketplace has always been at the center of contemporary debates on public space and, therefore, its various trajectories through time and space reveal much about the origins and forces that shaped the city. Drawing on published material, archival documents from both Belgium and Congo, and fieldwork, this paper not only tells the history of one of Kinshasa’s most important places, it highlights the multiple and often intricate processes of agency between local and foreign actors that are at the core of Kinshasa’s urban identity. Through the micro-study of the marketplace different issues are touched upon such as the limits of colonial and post-colonial planning, the contestation and appropriation of colonial and postcolonial rule by local actors and the role of intermediary population groups in the production of space of African cities.
Keywords
Kinshasa, foreign planners, agency, local actors, post-colonial planning, market, colonial planning

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Chicago
Beeckmans, Luce. 2010. “Agency in an African City: The Various Trajectories Through Time and Space of the Public Market of Kinshasa.” In Proceedings of African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced, ed. Karel A Bakker, 115–129. Pretoria, South Afrika.
APA
Beeckmans, Luce. (2010). Agency in an African city: the various trajectories through time and space of the public market of Kinshasa. In K. A. Bakker (Ed.), Proceedings of African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced (pp. 115–129). Presented at the African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced, Pretoria, South Afrika.
Vancouver
1.
Beeckmans L. Agency in an African city: the various trajectories through time and space of the public market of Kinshasa. In: Bakker KA, editor. Proceedings of African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced. Pretoria, South Afrika; 2010. p. 115–29.
MLA
Beeckmans, Luce. “Agency in an African City: The Various Trajectories Through Time and Space of the Public Market of Kinshasa.” Proceedings of African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced. Ed. Karel A Bakker. Pretoria, South Afrika, 2010. 115–129. Print.
@inproceedings{4162291,
  abstract     = {Kinshasa, the former Léopoldville, developed in less than one century from a few pre-colonial settlements into a metropolis of almost ten million people. In the city, the marketplace has always been at the center of contemporary debates on public space and, therefore, its various trajectories through time and space reveal much about the origins and forces that shaped the city. Drawing on published material, archival documents from both Belgium and Congo, and fieldwork, this paper not only tells the history of one of Kinshasa’s most important places, it highlights the multiple and often intricate processes of agency between local and foreign actors that are at the core of Kinshasa’s urban identity. Through the micro-study of the marketplace different issues are touched upon such as the limits of colonial and post-colonial planning, the contestation and appropriation of colonial and postcolonial rule by local actors and the role of intermediary population groups in the production of space of African cities.},
  author       = {Beeckmans, Luce},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of African Perspectives 2009 : The African City CENTRE : [Re]sourced},
  editor       = {Bakker, Karel A},
  isbn         = {9780620493567},
  keywords     = {Kinshasa,foreign planners,agency,local actors,post-colonial planning,market,colonial planning},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Pretoria, South Afrika},
  pages        = {115--129},
  title        = {Agency in an African city: the various trajectories through time and space of the public market of Kinshasa},
  year         = {2010},
}