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Integrating multi-receiver electromagnetic induction measurements into the interpretation of the soil landscape around the school of gladiators at Carnuntum

Timothy Saey, Marc Van Meirvenne UGent, Philippe De Smedt UGent, W Neubauer, I Trinks, Geert Verhoeven UGent and S Seren (2013) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE. 64(5). p.716-727
abstract
Recently, the unique foundations of a school of gladiators were discovered in the Roman town of Carnuntum (40km southeast of Vienna, Austria) by applying a combination of non-invasive archaeological prospection techniques such as magnetometry, ground penetrating radar, aerial photography, airborne laser scanning and airborne imaging spectroscopy. Although the well-preserved remains of the building complex were revealed down to a depth of 1.8m by high-resolution near-surface geophysics, some questions about the surrounding soil landscape remained unanswered. Therefore, a proximal soil sensing procedure based on a survey with a multi-receiver electromagnetic induction (EMI) instrument was conducted to interpret the surroundings of the school, covering an area of 5.6ha. We investigated the usefulness of integrating the complementary apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) and apparent magnetic susceptibility (MSa) measurements for the mapping and investigation of this soil landscape. The multiple ECa measurements allowed the identification of zones with low-conductive gravel outcrops, and zones where silty-clayey soils were deposited on top of the underlying gravel. An EC-depth slicing procedure enhanced the contrast between small soil features, such as frost-wedge pseudomorphs and drainage gullies, and their background, and provided indications about the depth extent of these features. The MS-depth slices showed the foundations of the school of gladiators, an aqueduct and grave monuments. After combining these results with the topography, an integrated visualization of the school in its soil landscape was obtained. This study demonstrated the potential of multi-receiver EMI soil surveys to map and interpret the soil landscape and to discern small natural as well as archaeological features.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DUALEM-21S SENSORS, INVERSION, FEATURES, EM38DD
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE
Eur. J. Soil Sci.
volume
64
issue
5
pages
716 - 727
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000325143700019
JCR category
SOIL SCIENCE
JCR impact factor
2.387 (2013)
JCR rank
8/34 (2013)
JCR quartile
1 (2013)
ISSN
1351-0754
DOI
10.1111/ejss.12067
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4162135
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4162135
date created
2013-10-14 14:45:19
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:25
@article{4162135,
  abstract     = {Recently, the unique foundations of a school of gladiators were discovered in the Roman town of Carnuntum (40km southeast of Vienna, Austria) by applying a combination of non-invasive archaeological prospection techniques such as magnetometry, ground penetrating radar, aerial photography, airborne laser scanning and airborne imaging spectroscopy. Although the well-preserved remains of the building complex were revealed down to a depth of 1.8m by high-resolution near-surface geophysics, some questions about the surrounding soil landscape remained unanswered. Therefore, a proximal soil sensing procedure based on a survey with a multi-receiver electromagnetic induction (EMI) instrument was conducted to interpret the surroundings of the school, covering an area of 5.6ha. We investigated the usefulness of integrating the complementary apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) and apparent magnetic susceptibility (MSa) measurements for the mapping and investigation of this soil landscape. The multiple ECa measurements allowed the identification of zones with low-conductive gravel outcrops, and zones where silty-clayey soils were deposited on top of the underlying gravel. An EC-depth slicing procedure enhanced the contrast between small soil features, such as frost-wedge pseudomorphs and drainage gullies, and their background, and provided indications about the depth extent of these features. The MS-depth slices showed the foundations of the school of gladiators, an aqueduct and grave monuments. After combining these results with the topography, an integrated visualization of the school in its soil landscape was obtained. This study demonstrated the potential of multi-receiver EMI soil surveys to map and interpret the soil landscape and to discern small natural as well as archaeological features.},
  author       = {Saey, Timothy and Van Meirvenne, Marc and De Smedt, Philippe and Neubauer, W and Trinks, I and Verhoeven, Geert and Seren, S},
  issn         = {1351-0754},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {DUALEM-21S SENSORS,INVERSION,FEATURES,EM38DD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {716--727},
  title        = {Integrating multi-receiver electromagnetic induction measurements into the interpretation of the soil landscape around the school of gladiators at Carnuntum},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12067},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Saey, Timothy, Marc Van Meirvenne, Philippe De Smedt, W Neubauer, I Trinks, Geert Verhoeven, and S Seren. 2013. “Integrating Multi-receiver Electromagnetic Induction Measurements into the Interpretation of the Soil Landscape Around the School of Gladiators at Carnuntum.” European Journal of Soil Science 64 (5): 716–727.
APA
Saey, T., Van Meirvenne, M., De Smedt, P., Neubauer, W., Trinks, I., Verhoeven, G., & Seren, S. (2013). Integrating multi-receiver electromagnetic induction measurements into the interpretation of the soil landscape around the school of gladiators at Carnuntum. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE, 64(5), 716–727.
Vancouver
1.
Saey T, Van Meirvenne M, De Smedt P, Neubauer W, Trinks I, Verhoeven G, et al. Integrating multi-receiver electromagnetic induction measurements into the interpretation of the soil landscape around the school of gladiators at Carnuntum. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE. 2013;64(5):716–27.
MLA
Saey, Timothy, Marc Van Meirvenne, Philippe De Smedt, et al. “Integrating Multi-receiver Electromagnetic Induction Measurements into the Interpretation of the Soil Landscape Around the School of Gladiators at Carnuntum.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE 64.5 (2013): 716–727. Print.