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Feeling the conflict: the crucial role of conflict experience in adaptation

(2014) PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 25(3). p.675-683
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Abstract
In the study reported here, we examined the role of conflict experience in cognitive adaptation to conflict. Although the experience of conflict is generally neglected in theoretical models of cognitive control, we demonstrated that it plays a critical role in cognitive adaptation. Using a masked-priming paradigm, we showed that conflict adaptation was present only after trials on which participants experienced response conflict. Furthermore, when subjective experience did not coincide with actual conflict, adaptation effects in the error rates were observed after the experience of conflict, not after response conflict. We conclude that the experience of conflict, and not response conflict per se, is the crucial factor underlying cognitive adaptation effects. The current findings provide a new perspective on the question of why the human cognitive system exerts cognitive control, and they suggest that a crucial role of subjective experience is to allow for top-down control of behavior.
Keywords
COGNITIVE CONTROL, RESPONSE CONFLICT, TASK, CONSCIOUSNESS, INFORMATION, AWARENESS, FLUENCY, cognition(s), consciousness, conflict experience, conflict adaptation, Gratton effect, priming

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Desender, Kobe, Filip Van Opstal, and Eva Van Den Bussche. “Feeling the Conflict: The Crucial Role of Conflict Experience in Adaptation.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 25.3 (2014): 675–683. Print.
APA
Desender, Kobe, Van Opstal, F., & Van Den Bussche, E. (2014). Feeling the conflict: the crucial role of conflict experience in adaptation. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 25(3), 675–683.
Chicago author-date
Desender, Kobe, Filip Van Opstal, and Eva Van Den Bussche. 2014. “Feeling the Conflict: The Crucial Role of Conflict Experience in Adaptation.” Psychological Science 25 (3): 675–683.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Desender, Kobe, Filip Van Opstal, and Eva Van Den Bussche. 2014. “Feeling the Conflict: The Crucial Role of Conflict Experience in Adaptation.” Psychological Science 25 (3): 675–683.
Vancouver
1.
Desender K, Van Opstal F, Van Den Bussche E. Feeling the conflict: the crucial role of conflict experience in adaptation. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 2014;25(3):675–83.
IEEE
[1]
K. Desender, F. Van Opstal, and E. Van Den Bussche, “Feeling the conflict: the crucial role of conflict experience in adaptation,” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 675–683, 2014.
@article{4161710,
  abstract     = {In the study reported here, we examined the role of conflict experience in cognitive adaptation to conflict. Although the experience of conflict is generally neglected in theoretical models of cognitive control, we demonstrated that it plays a critical role in cognitive adaptation. Using a masked-priming paradigm, we showed that conflict adaptation was present only after trials on which participants experienced response conflict. Furthermore, when subjective experience did not coincide with actual conflict, adaptation effects in the error rates were observed after the experience of conflict, not after response conflict. We conclude that the experience of conflict, and not response conflict per se, is the crucial factor underlying cognitive adaptation effects. The current findings provide a new perspective on the question of why the human cognitive system exerts cognitive control, and they suggest that a crucial role of subjective experience is to allow for top-down control of behavior.},
  author       = {Desender, Kobe and Van Opstal, Filip and Van Den Bussche, Eva},
  issn         = {0956-7976},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {COGNITIVE CONTROL,RESPONSE CONFLICT,TASK,CONSCIOUSNESS,INFORMATION,AWARENESS,FLUENCY,cognition(s),consciousness,conflict experience,conflict adaptation,Gratton effect,priming},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {675--683},
  title        = {Feeling the conflict: the crucial role of conflict experience in adaptation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797613511468},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2014},
}

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