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Legacy soil survey data of DR Congo

Geert Baert (UGent) , Ann Verdoodt (UGent) , Michel Ngongo and Eric Van Ranst (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
To support the agricultural development during and after colonization of DR Congo, many soil surveys have been undertaken. This poster gives a review of the history of the soil survey in DR Congo from 1935 until present, and of the different institutions involved in soil survey. The soil prospection in Congo can be separated in different distinct periods of activities and methodologies, related to some major important national or international events. The first soil surveys conducted by J. Baeyens in 1935 (KULeuven) were the start of a vast soil survey programme carried out by INEAC (National Institute for Agricultural Research in Belgian Congo). From 1945 onwards, INEAC was fully developed, with the principal research station in Yangambi and thirty-one substations (research stations, experimental stations and plantations, ...) all-over Congo, located in different agroclimatic zones. During the course of the soil prospection, the INEAC soil survey team developed their own soil classification system inspired by the Soil Survey Manual. When this programme was stopped at independence in 1960, around 15 % of the territory was mapped, spread over the different agro-ecological zones of the country. After 1960, most of the soil surveys in DR Congo were conducted by the Laboratory for Soil Science of the Ghent University. It entailed semi-detailed mapping for industrial agriculture and systematic reconnaissance surveys for general agricultural development (Lower Congo and Plain of the Ruzizi). The delimitation and characterization of the soil units distinguished on the digitized soil maps are based on thousands of soil profiles and a very large number of soil analyses conducted in specialized soil laboratories.
Keywords
INEAC, Soil Classification, Soil Survey, Legacy Soil Data, Soil Profiles

Citation

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Chicago
Baert, Geert, Ann Verdoodt, Michel Ngongo, and Eric Van Ranst. 2013. “Legacy Soil Survey Data of DR Congo.” In Nutrition and Food Production in the Congo Basin. Brussels, Belgium: Royal Academy for Oversees Sciences.
APA
Baert, Geert, Verdoodt, A., Ngongo, M., & Van Ranst, E. (2013). Legacy soil survey data of DR Congo. Nutrition and food production in the Congo Basin. Presented at the International conference on Nutrition and Food Production in the Congo Basin, Brussels, Belgium: Royal Academy for Oversees Sciences.
Vancouver
1.
Baert G, Verdoodt A, Ngongo M, Van Ranst E. Legacy soil survey data of DR Congo. Nutrition and food production in the Congo Basin. Brussels, Belgium: Royal Academy for Oversees Sciences; 2013.
MLA
Baert, Geert, Ann Verdoodt, Michel Ngongo, et al. “Legacy Soil Survey Data of DR Congo.” Nutrition and Food Production in the Congo Basin. Brussels, Belgium: Royal Academy for Oversees Sciences, 2013. Print.
@inproceedings{4159783,
  abstract     = {To support the agricultural development during and after colonization of DR Congo, many soil surveys have been undertaken. This poster gives a review of the history of the soil survey in DR Congo from 1935 until present, and of the different institutions involved in soil survey. The soil prospection in Congo can be separated in different distinct periods of activities and methodologies, related to some major important national or international events. The first soil surveys conducted by J. Baeyens in 1935 (KULeuven) were the start of a vast soil survey programme carried out by INEAC (National Institute for Agricultural Research in Belgian Congo). From 1945 onwards, INEAC was fully developed, with the principal research station in Yangambi and thirty-one substations (research stations, experimental stations and plantations, ...) all-over Congo, located in different agroclimatic zones. During the course of the soil prospection, the INEAC soil survey team developed their own soil classification system inspired by the Soil Survey Manual. When this programme was stopped at independence in 1960, around 15 \% of the territory was mapped, spread over the different agro-ecological zones of the country. After 1960, most of the soil surveys in DR Congo were conducted by the Laboratory for Soil Science of the Ghent University. It entailed semi-detailed mapping for industrial agriculture and systematic reconnaissance surveys for general agricultural development (Lower Congo and Plain of the Ruzizi). The delimitation and characterization of the soil units distinguished on the digitized soil maps are based on thousands of soil profiles and a very large number of soil analyses conducted in specialized soil laboratories.},
  author       = {Baert, Geert and Verdoodt, Ann and Ngongo, Michel and Van Ranst, Eric},
  booktitle    = {Nutrition and food production in the Congo Basin},
  keyword      = {INEAC,Soil Classification,Soil Survey,Legacy Soil Data,Soil Profiles},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Brussels, Belgium},
  publisher    = {Royal Academy for Oversees Sciences},
  title        = {Legacy soil survey data of DR Congo},
  year         = {2013},
}