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Seroprevalence of zoonotic parasites in pigs slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal

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Abstract
For several years, the demand for pork has been on the rise in Nepal. To assess the importance of pork as a carrier of zoonotic agents, we performed a cross-sectional study in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, in which we serologically determined the infection status of slaughtered pigs with regard to three of the most important parasites transmitted through pork consumption: Trichinella spp., Taenia solium cysticerci, and Toxoplasma gondii. From 2007 to 2010, 742 pigs were sampled at slaughter, of which 0.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.0–0.7%) were found positive for Trichinella infection, 13.8% (95% credibility interval [CrI] 0.8–28.5%) for T. solium cysticercosis, and 11.7% (95% CI 5.2–17.5%) for Toxoplasma infection. Further monitoring of the related animal and human disease burden and strengthening of food safety protocols throughout the pork production chain are strongly recommended.
Keywords
Seroprevalence, Nepal, Taenia solium, Trichinella spp., Toxoplasma gondii, Pigs, TAENIA-SOLIUM, HUMAN TRICHINOSIS, TRICHINELLA, PREVALENCE, INFECTION, DIAGNOSIS

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Chicago
Devleesschauwer, Brecht, Mathieu Pruvot, Durga Datt Joshi, Stéphane De Craeye, Malgorzata Jennes, Anita Ale, Alma Welinski, et al. 2013. “Seroprevalence of Zoonotic Parasites in Pigs Slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal.” Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases 13 (12): 872–876.
APA
Devleesschauwer, B., Pruvot, M., Joshi, D. D., De Craeye, S., Jennes, M., Ale, A., Welinski, A., et al. (2013). Seroprevalence of zoonotic parasites in pigs slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES, 13(12), 872–876.
Vancouver
1.
Devleesschauwer B, Pruvot M, Joshi DD, De Craeye S, Jennes M, Ale A, et al. Seroprevalence of zoonotic parasites in pigs slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES. 2013;13(12):872–6.
MLA
Devleesschauwer, Brecht, Mathieu Pruvot, Durga Datt Joshi, et al. “Seroprevalence of Zoonotic Parasites in Pigs Slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal.” VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES 13.12 (2013): 872–876. Print.
@article{4159303,
  abstract     = {For several years, the demand for pork has been on the rise in Nepal. To assess the importance of pork as a carrier of zoonotic agents, we performed a cross-sectional study in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, in which we serologically determined the infection status of slaughtered pigs with regard to three of the most important parasites transmitted through pork consumption: Trichinella spp., Taenia solium cysticerci, and Toxoplasma gondii. From 2007 to 2010, 742 pigs were sampled at slaughter, of which 0.1\% (95\% confidence interval [CI] 0.0--0.7\%) were found positive for Trichinella infection, 13.8\% (95\% credibility interval [CrI] 0.8--28.5\%) for T. solium cysticercosis, and 11.7\% (95\% CI 5.2--17.5\%) for Toxoplasma infection. Further monitoring of the related animal and human disease burden and strengthening of food safety protocols throughout the pork production chain are strongly recommended.},
  author       = {Devleesschauwer, Brecht and Pruvot, Mathieu and Joshi, Durga Datt and De Craeye, St{\'e}phane and Jennes, Malgorzata and Ale, Anita and Welinski, Alma and Lama, Sanjyoti and Aryal, Arjun and Victor, Bjorn and Duchateau, Luc and Speybroeck, Niko and Vercruysse, Jozef and Dorny, Pierre},
  issn         = {1530-3667},
  journal      = {VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES},
  keyword      = {Seroprevalence,Nepal,Taenia solium,Trichinella spp.,Toxoplasma gondii,Pigs,TAENIA-SOLIUM,HUMAN TRICHINOSIS,TRICHINELLA,PREVALENCE,INFECTION,DIAGNOSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {872--876},
  title        = {Seroprevalence of zoonotic parasites in pigs slaughtered in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2013.1313},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2013},
}

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