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Enteropathogens in pups from pet shops and breeding facilities

Sofie Dupont (UGent) , Patrick Butaye (UGent) , Edwin Claerebout (UGent) , Sebastiaan Theuns (UGent) , Luc Duchateau (UGent) , Isabel Van de Maele (UGent) and Sylvie Daminet (UGent)
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate faecal and clinical scores and presence of several enteropathogens possibly implicated in the development of diarrhoea in pups aged between 6 and 16 weeks independently of their health status. METHODS: Pups were selected from pet shops and breeding facilities and assigned a faecal and clinical score. Standard isolation methods were used to determine presence of parasites, viruses and bacteria in faecal samples. For Escherichia coli, virulence genes were assessed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Fifty-six pups were included in this study. Eighteen had no diarrhoea, 22 had no significant clinical signs related to gastroenteritis. Samples were positive for Toxocara canis (n=29), Giardia duodenalis (n=35), Cystoisospora (n=22), E. coli (n=47) and Clostridium perfringens (n=20). In four E. coli positive samples, genes were detected that correlate with pathogenicity in other animal species. A significant positive correlation between the presence of T. canis and faecal score was found. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Puppies obtained from a pet shop or breeding facility have a high risk of gastrointestinal disease. Furthermore, infectious agents may be present independently of faecal or clinical score. The identification of possible pathogenic E. coli strains suggests that their role in diarrhoea warrant further investigation.
Keywords
DISEASE, PREVALENCE, GIARDIA, INFECTIONS, MORTALITY, DIARRHEA, DOGS, BODY CONDITION, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, CATS

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MLA
Dupont, Sofie, Patrick Butaye, Edwin Claerebout, et al. “Enteropathogens in Pups from Pet Shops and Breeding Facilities.” JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE 54.9 (2013): 475–480. Print.
APA
Dupont, Sofie, Butaye, P., Claerebout, E., Theuns, S., Duchateau, L., Van de Maele, I., & Daminet, S. (2013). Enteropathogens in pups from pet shops and breeding facilities. JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, 54(9), 475–480.
Chicago author-date
Dupont, Sofie, Patrick Butaye, Edwin Claerebout, Sebastiaan Theuns, Luc Duchateau, Isabel Van de Maele, and Sylvie Daminet. 2013. “Enteropathogens in Pups from Pet Shops and Breeding Facilities.” Journal of Small Animal Practice 54 (9): 475–480.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dupont, Sofie, Patrick Butaye, Edwin Claerebout, Sebastiaan Theuns, Luc Duchateau, Isabel Van de Maele, and Sylvie Daminet. 2013. “Enteropathogens in Pups from Pet Shops and Breeding Facilities.” Journal of Small Animal Practice 54 (9): 475–480.
Vancouver
1.
Dupont S, Butaye P, Claerebout E, Theuns S, Duchateau L, Van de Maele I, et al. Enteropathogens in pups from pet shops and breeding facilities. JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE. 2013;54(9):475–80.
IEEE
[1]
S. Dupont et al., “Enteropathogens in pups from pet shops and breeding facilities,” JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 475–480, 2013.
@article{4157857,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: To evaluate faecal and clinical scores and presence of several enteropathogens possibly implicated in the development of diarrhoea in pups aged between 6 and 16 weeks independently of their health status.
METHODS: Pups were selected from pet shops and breeding facilities and assigned a faecal and clinical score. Standard isolation methods were used to determine presence of parasites, viruses and bacteria in faecal samples. For Escherichia coli, virulence genes were assessed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: Fifty-six pups were included in this study. Eighteen had no diarrhoea, 22 had no significant clinical signs related to gastroenteritis. Samples were positive for Toxocara canis (n=29), Giardia duodenalis (n=35), Cystoisospora (n=22), E. coli (n=47) and Clostridium perfringens (n=20). In four E. coli positive samples, genes were detected that correlate with pathogenicity in other animal species. A significant positive correlation between the presence of T. canis and faecal score was found.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Puppies obtained from a pet shop or breeding facility have a high risk of gastrointestinal disease. Furthermore, infectious agents may be present independently of faecal or clinical score. The identification of possible pathogenic E. coli strains suggests that their role in diarrhoea warrant further investigation.},
  author       = {Dupont, Sofie and Butaye, Patrick and Claerebout, Edwin and Theuns, Sebastiaan and Duchateau, Luc and Van de Maele, Isabel and Daminet, Sylvie},
  issn         = {0022-4510},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {DISEASE,PREVALENCE,GIARDIA,INFECTIONS,MORTALITY,DIARRHEA,DOGS,BODY CONDITION,ESCHERICHIA-COLI,CATS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {475--480},
  title        = {Enteropathogens in pups from pet shops and breeding facilities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12119},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2013},
}

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