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Moedige krijgers of het zwaard van God? Een conceptuele herevaluatie van Paul Wittek's gaza-thesis over de Osmaanse staatsvorming

Hilmi Kaçar (UGent)
(2014) TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR GESCHIEDENIS. 127(2). p.247-269
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Abstract
This article re-evaluates Paul Wittek’s famous gaza thesis, which until the 1980s was the dominant explanation of the Ottoman state and remains influential. It situates Wittek within the intellectual genealogy of Ottoman Studies, which exhibits two major lines: the Ottomans were either barbarians without an understanding of state-building, or fanatical Muslims who were engaged in continuous holy war. Since Wittek, many scholars have believed that holy war was central to the Ottoman state and ideology. Wittek wrongly interpreted the concept gaza as equivalent to the western term ‘holy war’, seeing the terms gaza , jihad , and holy war as synonyms. In fact each of these concepts has a different semantic and historical context. Although the gaza ideology was relevant to Ottoman expansion and dynastic legitimacy, it was not the all-defining ideological motif.
Keywords
Orientalism, gaza-thesis, Paul Wittek, Ottoman history, early Ottoman historiography

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Chicago
Kaçar, Hilmi. 2014. “Moedige Krijgers of Het Zwaard Van God? Een Conceptuele Herevaluatie Van Paul Wittek’s Gaza-thesis over De Osmaanse Staatsvorming.” Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis 127 (2): 247–269.
APA
Kaçar, H. (2014). Moedige krijgers of het zwaard van God? Een conceptuele herevaluatie van Paul Wittek’s gaza-thesis over de Osmaanse staatsvorming. TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR GESCHIEDENIS, 127(2), 247–269.
Vancouver
1.
Kaçar H. Moedige krijgers of het zwaard van God? Een conceptuele herevaluatie van Paul Wittek’s gaza-thesis over de Osmaanse staatsvorming. TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR GESCHIEDENIS. 2014;127(2):247–69.
MLA
Kaçar, Hilmi. “Moedige Krijgers of Het Zwaard Van God? Een Conceptuele Herevaluatie Van Paul Wittek’s Gaza-thesis over De Osmaanse Staatsvorming.” TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR GESCHIEDENIS 127.2 (2014): 247–269. Print.
@article{4148286,
  abstract     = {This article re-evaluates Paul Wittek’s famous gaza thesis, which until the 1980s was the dominant explanation of the Ottoman state and remains influential. It situates Wittek within the intellectual genealogy of Ottoman Studies, which exhibits two major lines: the Ottomans were either barbarians without an understanding of state-building, or fanatical Muslims who were engaged in continuous holy war. Since Wittek, many scholars have believed that holy war was central to the Ottoman state and ideology. Wittek wrongly interpreted the concept gaza as equivalent to the western term ‘holy war’, seeing the terms gaza , jihad , and holy war as synonyms. In fact each of these concepts has a different semantic and historical context. Although the gaza ideology was relevant to Ottoman expansion and dynastic legitimacy, it was not the all-defining ideological motif.},
  author       = {Kaçar, Hilmi},
  issn         = {0040-7518},
  journal      = {TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR GESCHIEDENIS},
  keywords     = {Orientalism,gaza-thesis,Paul Wittek,Ottoman history,early Ottoman historiography},
  language     = {dut},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {247--269},
  title        = {Moedige krijgers of het zwaard van God? Een conceptuele herevaluatie van Paul Wittek's gaza-thesis over de Osmaanse staatsvorming},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5117/TVGESCH2014.2.KACA},
  volume       = {127},
  year         = {2014},
}

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