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Advancing an understanding of the anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C) in clinically anxious and non-anxious youth: psychometric properties, incremental prediction and developmental differences

Sanne Hogendoorn, Lidewij Wolters, Else De Haan, Ramon Lindauer, Anneloes Tillema, Leentje Vervoort UGent, Carl Weems, Frits Boer and Pier Prins (2014) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT. 36(2). p.288-299
abstract
A lack of perceived control over anxiety-related situations is theorized to be characteristic of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. In the current study we tested several theoretical predictions and developmental variation with the Dutch translation of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire for Children (ACQ-C). The theoretical factor structure of anxiety control was tested using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) in 548 non-referred children (8–18 years old, M=12.5 years; 50.7 % girls). The incremental predictive validity of perceived control for anxiety status was assessed using logistic regression in 141 clinically anxious children (age M=12.6 years; 56.7 % girls) and 298 non-referred nonanxious children (age M=12.6 years; 52.7 % girls). CFA showed that both a one-factor model and two-factor model (perceived control over internal reactions and external events) fit well. The one-factor model proved invariant across age and gender. Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach’s α=.93). Two-month test-retest reliability was adequate. The ACQ-C was able to incrementally predict diagnostic status, even after controlling for age, gender and self-reported anxiety symptoms. Finally, both younger children and girls reported less perceived control, independent of anxiety level. Findings advance the understanding of the psychometric properties of the ACQ-C, the role of control in childhood anxiety and point to the potential utility of the ACQ-C in both clinical and community samples. The Dutch translation of the ACQ-C demonstrated sound psychometric properties.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Confirmatory factor analysis, Children, Adolescents, Anxiety, SYMPTOMS. Perceived control, STRENGTHS, DISORDERS, DEPRESSION SCALE, PERCEIVED CONTROL, EMOTION REGULATION, CHILDHOOD ANXIETY, DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE
journal title
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT
volume
36
issue
2
pages
288 - 299
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000335313600011
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL
JCR impact factor
1.759 (2014)
JCR rank
55/119 (2014)
JCR quartile
2 (2014)
ISSN
0882-2689
DOI
10.1007/s10862-013-9386-x
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4146439
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4146439
date created
2013-09-27 13:52:32
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:05
@article{4146439,
  abstract     = {A lack of perceived control over anxiety-related situations is theorized to be characteristic of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. In the current study we tested several theoretical predictions and developmental variation with the Dutch translation of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire for Children (ACQ-C). The theoretical factor structure of anxiety control was tested using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) in 548 non-referred children (8--18 years old, M=12.5 years; 50.7 \% girls). The incremental predictive validity of perceived control for anxiety status was assessed using logistic regression in 141 clinically anxious children (age M=12.6 years; 56.7 \% girls) and 298 non-referred nonanxious children (age M=12.6 years; 52.7 \% girls). CFA showed that both a one-factor model and two-factor model (perceived control over internal reactions and external events) fit well. The one-factor model proved invariant across age and gender. Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach{\textquoteright}s \ensuremath{\alpha}=.93). Two-month test-retest reliability was adequate. The ACQ-C was able to incrementally predict diagnostic status, even after controlling for age, gender and self-reported anxiety symptoms. Finally, both younger children and girls reported less perceived control, independent of anxiety level. Findings advance the understanding of the psychometric properties of the ACQ-C, the role of control in childhood anxiety and point to the potential utility of the ACQ-C in both clinical and community samples. The Dutch translation of the ACQ-C demonstrated sound psychometric properties.},
  author       = {Hogendoorn, Sanne and Wolters, Lidewij and De Haan, Else and Lindauer, Ramon  and Tillema, Anneloes and Vervoort, Leentje and Weems, Carl and Boer, Frits and Prins, Pier},
  issn         = {0882-2689},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT},
  keyword      = {Confirmatory factor analysis,Children,Adolescents,Anxiety,SYMPTOMS. Perceived control,STRENGTHS,DISORDERS,DEPRESSION SCALE,PERCEIVED CONTROL,EMOTION REGULATION,CHILDHOOD ANXIETY,DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {288--299},
  title        = {Advancing an understanding of the anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C) in clinically anxious and non-anxious youth: psychometric properties, incremental prediction and developmental differences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10862-013-9386-x},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Hogendoorn, Sanne, Lidewij Wolters, Else De Haan, Ramon Lindauer, Anneloes Tillema, Leentje Vervoort, Carl Weems, Frits Boer, and Pier Prins. 2014. “Advancing an Understanding of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire for Children (ACQ-C) in Clinically Anxious and Non-anxious Youth: Psychometric Properties, Incremental Prediction and Developmental Differences.” Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 36 (2): 288–299.
APA
Hogendoorn, S., Wolters, L., De Haan, E., Lindauer, R., Tillema, A., Vervoort, L., Weems, C., et al. (2014). Advancing an understanding of the anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C) in clinically anxious and non-anxious youth: psychometric properties, incremental prediction and developmental differences. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT, 36(2), 288–299.
Vancouver
1.
Hogendoorn S, Wolters L, De Haan E, Lindauer R, Tillema A, Vervoort L, et al. Advancing an understanding of the anxiety control questionnaire for children (ACQ-C) in clinically anxious and non-anxious youth: psychometric properties, incremental prediction and developmental differences. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT. 2014;36(2):288–99.
MLA
Hogendoorn, Sanne, Lidewij Wolters, Else De Haan, et al. “Advancing an Understanding of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire for Children (ACQ-C) in Clinically Anxious and Non-anxious Youth: Psychometric Properties, Incremental Prediction and Developmental Differences.” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT 36.2 (2014): 288–299. Print.