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Distinct temporal processing of task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions

(2014) EMOTION. 14(1). p.12-16
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Organization
Abstract
There is an ongoing debate concerning the extent to which emotional faces automatically attract attention. Using a single-target Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) methodology, it has been found that presentation of task-irrelevant positive or negative emotionally salient stimuli (e. g., negative scenes or erotic pictures) results in a temporary inability to process target stimuli (emotion-induced blindness). In the present study, we sought to examine emotion-induced blindness effects for negative (angry) and positive (happy) facial expressions. Interestingly, task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions facilitated, rather than impaired, target detection when presented in close temporal proximity of the target. Similar facilitation effects were absent for neutral faces or rotated neutral faces that were both included as control stimuli. These results indicate a distinct temporal processing of emotional facial expressions, which accords well with the signal value of emotional expressions in interpersonal situations.
Keywords
AROUSING DISTRACTORS, ATTENTIONAL BLINK, INDUCED BLINDNESS, FEARFUL FACES, PERCEPTION, AWARENESS, BENEFITS, ANXIETY, ANGRY, RSVP, attentional bias, temporal attention, facial expressions, attentional blink, social anxiety

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
De Jong, PJ et al. “Distinct Temporal Processing of Task-irrelevant Emotional Facial Expressions.” EMOTION 14.1 (2014): 12–16. Print.
APA
De Jong, P., Koster, E., Wessel, I., & Martens, S. (2014). Distinct temporal processing of task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions. EMOTION, 14(1), 12–16.
Chicago author-date
De Jong, PJ, Ernst Koster, I Wessel, and S Martens. 2014. “Distinct Temporal Processing of Task-irrelevant Emotional Facial Expressions.” Emotion 14 (1): 12–16.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Jong, PJ, Ernst Koster, I Wessel, and S Martens. 2014. “Distinct Temporal Processing of Task-irrelevant Emotional Facial Expressions.” Emotion 14 (1): 12–16.
Vancouver
1.
De Jong P, Koster E, Wessel I, Martens S. Distinct temporal processing of task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions. EMOTION. 2014;14(1):12–6.
IEEE
[1]
P. De Jong, E. Koster, I. Wessel, and S. Martens, “Distinct temporal processing of task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions,” EMOTION, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 12–16, 2014.
@article{4131562,
  abstract     = {There is an ongoing debate concerning the extent to which emotional faces automatically attract attention. Using a single-target Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) methodology, it has been found that presentation of task-irrelevant positive or negative emotionally salient stimuli (e. g., negative scenes or erotic pictures) results in a temporary inability to process target stimuli (emotion-induced blindness). In the present study, we sought to examine emotion-induced blindness effects for negative (angry) and positive (happy) facial expressions. Interestingly, task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions facilitated, rather than impaired, target detection when presented in close temporal proximity of the target. Similar facilitation effects were absent for neutral faces or rotated neutral faces that were both included as control stimuli. These results indicate a distinct temporal processing of emotional facial expressions, which accords well with the signal value of emotional expressions in interpersonal situations.},
  author       = {De Jong, PJ and Koster, Ernst and Wessel, I and Martens, S},
  issn         = {1528-3542},
  journal      = {EMOTION},
  keywords     = {AROUSING DISTRACTORS,ATTENTIONAL BLINK,INDUCED BLINDNESS,FEARFUL FACES,PERCEPTION,AWARENESS,BENEFITS,ANXIETY,ANGRY,RSVP,attentional bias,temporal attention,facial expressions,attentional blink,social anxiety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {12--16},
  title        = {Distinct temporal processing of task-irrelevant emotional facial expressions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034630},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

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