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Knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions of agricultural professionals toward genetically modified (GM) foods: a case study in Southwest Iran

(2013) SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS. 19(3). p.1201-1227
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Abstract
While there has been a number of consumers' studies looking at factors that influence individuals' attitudes and behavior toward GM foods, few studies have considered agricultural professionals' intentions in this regard. This study illuminates agricultural professionals' insights toward GM foods in Southwest Iran. A random sample of 262 respondents was studied. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents had little knowledge about GM foods. They perceived few benefits or risks of GM foods. Their perceived benefits and trust in individuals and institutions had positive impacts on the behavioral intentions of the agricultural professionals. The results also revealed that the low knowledge level of the respondents had a negative impact on the behavioral intentions toward GM foods. This state of affairs is problematic, either GM foods have serious problems or the knowledge conveyed to the Iranian agricultural experts is inappropriate. We recommend a well defined communication strategy to provide information in such a way that allows individuals to feel adequately informed about GM foods. Furthermore, the development of trust and knowledge regarding GM foods can be greater when risk analysis frameworks are transparent, risk assessment methodologies are objective, all stakeholders are engaged in the risk management process, and risk communication focuses on consumers.
Keywords
attitude, knowledge, agricultural professionals, gatekeepers, GM foods, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, MODIFIED CROPS, STAKEHOLDER ATTITUDES, ORGANIC AGRICULTURE, CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE, GENE TECHNOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY, PERCEPTIONS, TRUST, RISKS

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MLA
Ghasemi, Sedigheh, Ezatollah Karami, and Hossein Azadi. “Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions of Agricultural Professionals Toward Genetically Modified (GM) Foods: a Case Study in Southwest Iran.” SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS 19.3 (2013): 1201–1227. Print.
APA
Ghasemi, S., Karami, E., & Azadi, H. (2013). Knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions of agricultural professionals toward genetically modified (GM) foods: a case study in Southwest Iran. SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS, 19(3), 1201–1227.
Chicago author-date
Ghasemi, Sedigheh, Ezatollah Karami, and Hossein Azadi. 2013. “Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions of Agricultural Professionals Toward Genetically Modified (GM) Foods: a Case Study in Southwest Iran.” Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3): 1201–1227.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ghasemi, Sedigheh, Ezatollah Karami, and Hossein Azadi. 2013. “Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions of Agricultural Professionals Toward Genetically Modified (GM) Foods: a Case Study in Southwest Iran.” Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3): 1201–1227.
Vancouver
1.
Ghasemi S, Karami E, Azadi H. Knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions of agricultural professionals toward genetically modified (GM) foods: a case study in Southwest Iran. SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS. 2013;19(3):1201–27.
IEEE
[1]
S. Ghasemi, E. Karami, and H. Azadi, “Knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions of agricultural professionals toward genetically modified (GM) foods: a case study in Southwest Iran,” SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1201–1227, 2013.
@article{4131459,
  abstract     = {{While there has been a number of consumers' studies looking at factors that influence individuals' attitudes and behavior toward GM foods, few studies have considered agricultural professionals' intentions in this regard. This study illuminates agricultural professionals' insights toward GM foods in Southwest Iran. A random sample of 262 respondents was studied. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents had little knowledge about GM foods. They perceived few benefits or risks of GM foods. Their perceived benefits and trust in individuals and institutions had positive impacts on the behavioral intentions of the agricultural professionals. The results also revealed that the low knowledge level of the respondents had a negative impact on the behavioral intentions toward GM foods. This state of affairs is problematic, either GM foods have serious problems or the knowledge conveyed to the Iranian agricultural experts is inappropriate. We recommend a well defined communication strategy to provide information in such a way that allows individuals to feel adequately informed about GM foods. Furthermore, the development of trust and knowledge regarding GM foods can be greater when risk analysis frameworks are transparent, risk assessment methodologies are objective, all stakeholders are engaged in the risk management process, and risk communication focuses on consumers.}},
  author       = {{Ghasemi, Sedigheh and Karami, Ezatollah and Azadi, Hossein}},
  issn         = {{1353-3452}},
  journal      = {{SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS}},
  keywords     = {{attitude,knowledge,agricultural professionals,gatekeepers,GM foods,DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES,MODIFIED CROPS,STAKEHOLDER ATTITUDES,ORGANIC AGRICULTURE,CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE,GENE TECHNOLOGY,BIOTECHNOLOGY,PERCEPTIONS,TRUST,RISKS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{1201--1227}},
  title        = {{Knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions of agricultural professionals toward genetically modified (GM) foods: a case study in Southwest Iran}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-012-9383-6}},
  volume       = {{19}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}

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