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Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond

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Abstract
Two lactic acid-producing, Gram-stain-positive rods were isolated from a microbial mat actively growing in the littoral zone of an Antarctic lake (Forlidas Pond) in the Pensacola mountains and studied using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The isolates were examined by phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, multilocus sequence analysis of pheS, rpoA and atpA, and biochemical and genotypic characteristics. One strain, designated LMG 26641, belonged to Carnobacterium alterfunditum and the other strain, designated LMG 26642(T), could be assigned to a novel species, with Carnobacterium funditum DSM 5970(T) as its closest phylogenetic neighbour (99.2% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Carnobacterium iners sp. nov. could be distinguished biochemically from other members of the genus Carnobacterium by the lack of acid production from carbohydrates. DNA-DNA relatedness confirmed that strain LMG 26642(T) represented a novel species, for which we propose the name Carnobacterium iners sp. nov. (type strain is LMG 26642(T) =CCUG 62000(T)).
Keywords
IDENTIFICATION, SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS, PHES, RPOA, DNA, HYBRIDIZATION, ENVIRONMENT, GENES, ARB, MLSA, Carnobacterium, Antarctica

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MLA
Snauwaert, Isabel, Bart Hoste, Katrien De Bruyne, et al. “Carnobacterium Iners Sp. Nov., a Psychrophilic, Lactic Acid-producing Bacterium from the Littoral Zone of an Antarctic Pond.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 63.4 (2013): 1370–1375. Print.
APA
Snauwaert, I., Hoste, B., De Bruyne, K., Peeters, K., De Vuyst, L., Willems, A., & Vandamme, P. (2013). Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY, 63(4), 1370–1375.
Chicago author-date
Snauwaert, Isabel, Bart Hoste, Katrien De Bruyne, Karolien Peeters, Luc De Vuyst, Anne Willems, and Peter Vandamme. 2013. “Carnobacterium Iners Sp. Nov., a Psychrophilic, Lactic Acid-producing Bacterium from the Littoral Zone of an Antarctic Pond.” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63 (4): 1370–1375.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Snauwaert, Isabel, Bart Hoste, Katrien De Bruyne, Karolien Peeters, Luc De Vuyst, Anne Willems, and Peter Vandamme. 2013. “Carnobacterium Iners Sp. Nov., a Psychrophilic, Lactic Acid-producing Bacterium from the Littoral Zone of an Antarctic Pond.” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63 (4): 1370–1375.
Vancouver
1.
Snauwaert I, Hoste B, De Bruyne K, Peeters K, De Vuyst L, Willems A, et al. Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY. 2013;63(4):1370–5.
IEEE
[1]
I. Snauwaert et al., “Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 1370–1375, 2013.
@article{4127367,
  abstract     = {Two lactic acid-producing, Gram-stain-positive rods were isolated from a microbial mat actively growing in the littoral zone of an Antarctic lake (Forlidas Pond) in the Pensacola mountains and studied using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The isolates were examined by phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, multilocus sequence analysis of pheS, rpoA and atpA, and biochemical and genotypic characteristics. One strain, designated LMG 26641, belonged to Carnobacterium alterfunditum and the other strain, designated LMG 26642(T), could be assigned to a novel species, with Carnobacterium funditum DSM 5970(T) as its closest phylogenetic neighbour (99.2% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Carnobacterium iners sp. nov. could be distinguished biochemically from other members of the genus Carnobacterium by the lack of acid production from carbohydrates. DNA-DNA relatedness confirmed that strain LMG 26642(T) represented a novel species, for which we propose the name Carnobacterium iners sp. nov. (type strain is LMG 26642(T) =CCUG 62000(T)).},
  author       = {Snauwaert, Isabel and Hoste, Bart and De Bruyne, Katrien and Peeters, Karolien and De Vuyst, Luc and Willems, Anne and Vandamme, Peter},
  issn         = {1466-5026},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {IDENTIFICATION,SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS,PHES,RPOA,DNA,HYBRIDIZATION,ENVIRONMENT,GENES,ARB,MLSA,Carnobacterium,Antarctica},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1370--1375},
  title        = {Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.042861-0},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2013},
}

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