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Female gender and wealth are associated to overweight among adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia

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Abstract
Objective: To describe the prevalence of overweight, obesity and being thin in adolescents of La Paz City, Bolivia. Design: Cross-sectional study, clustered sampling. Setting: La Paz, Bolivia, August - September 2003. Subjects: Height and weight of 525 adolescents ( mean age 16 y; s.d +/-. 1.3) attending public and private schools were measured; sociodemographic characteristics were assessed with a short questionnaire. Results: The present study reveals that 9.3% ( +/-2.5) of the sample are thin adolescents; 19.8% (+/-3.4) is the overall prevalence of overweight and 2.3% ( +/-1.3) the overall prevalence of obesity. The odds of being thin were higher among those working ( P = 0.03) and among those of higher age ( P<0.001). The odds of being overweight were higher among female subjects ( P<0.001). The odds of being obese were higher among younger adolescents ( P = 0.046) and among the more wealthy ones ( P = 0.044). Conclusions: A large prevalence of 22% overweight/obesity in adolescents from La Paz City was observed. The findings support the need of enhanced nutritional surveillance and interventions particularly in female adolescents.
Keywords
adolescents, overweight, Bolivia, underweight, BMI, nutritional transition, obesity, prevalence, BODY-MASS INDEX, ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES, NUTRITIONAL-STATUS, YOUNG ADULTHOOD, OBESITY, CHILDREN, TRENDS, PREVALENCE, PREVENTION, CHILDHOOD

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Chicago
Perez Cueto Eulert, Armando, Magali Almanza, and Patrick Kolsteren. 2005. “Female Gender and Wealth Are Associated to Overweight Among Adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia.” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59 (1): 82–87.
APA
Perez Cueto Eulert, A., Almanza, M., & Kolsteren, P. (2005). Female gender and wealth are associated to overweight among adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 59(1), 82–87.
Vancouver
1.
Perez Cueto Eulert A, Almanza M, Kolsteren P. Female gender and wealth are associated to overweight among adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; 2005;59(1):82–7.
MLA
Perez Cueto Eulert, Armando, Magali Almanza, and Patrick Kolsteren. “Female Gender and Wealth Are Associated to Overweight Among Adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 59.1 (2005): 82–87. Print.
@article{412690,
  abstract     = {Objective: To describe the prevalence of overweight, obesity and being thin in adolescents of La Paz City, Bolivia.
Design: Cross-sectional study, clustered sampling.
Setting: La Paz, Bolivia, August - September 2003.
Subjects: Height and weight of 525 adolescents ( mean age 16 y; s.d +/-. 1.3) attending public and private schools were measured; sociodemographic characteristics were assessed with a short questionnaire.
Results: The present study reveals that 9.3\% ( +/-2.5) of the sample are thin adolescents; 19.8\% (+/-3.4) is the overall prevalence of overweight and 2.3\% ( +/-1.3) the overall prevalence of obesity. The odds of being thin were higher among those working ( P = 0.03) and among those of higher age ( P{\textlangle}0.001). The odds of being overweight were higher among female subjects ( P{\textlangle}0.001). The odds of being obese were higher among younger adolescents ( P = 0.046) and among the more wealthy ones ( P = 0.044).
Conclusions: A large prevalence of 22\% overweight/obesity in adolescents from La Paz City was observed. The findings support the need of enhanced nutritional surveillance and interventions particularly in female adolescents.},
  author       = {Perez Cueto Eulert, Armando and Almanza, Magali and Kolsteren, Patrick},
  issn         = {0954-3007},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {adolescents,overweight,Bolivia,underweight,BMI,nutritional transition,obesity,prevalence,BODY-MASS INDEX,ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES,NUTRITIONAL-STATUS,YOUNG ADULTHOOD,OBESITY,CHILDREN,TRENDS,PREVALENCE,PREVENTION,CHILDHOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {82--87},
  publisher    = {NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP},
  title        = {Female gender and wealth are associated to overweight among adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602040},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2005},
}

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