Advanced search
1 file | 505.09 KB

Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors

Marianne Vervliet (UGent) , Jan Lammertyn (UGent) , Eric Broekaert (UGent) and Ilse Derluyn (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Despite growing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UMs) in Europe, and evidence that this group is at risk of developing mental health problems, there still remain important knowledge gaps regarding the development of UMs' mental health during their trajectories in the host country and, in particular, the possible influencing role of traumatic experiences and daily stressors therein. This study therefore followed 103 UMs from the moment they arrived in Belgium until 18 months later. Traumatic experiences (SLE), mental health symptoms (HSCL-37A, RATS) and daily stressors (DSSYR) were measured at arrival in Belgium, after 6 and 18 months. UMs reported generally high scores on anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Linear mixed model analysis showed no significant differences in mental health scores over time, pointing towards the possible long-term persistence of mental health problems in this population. The number of traumatic experiences and the number of daily stressors leaded to a significant higher symptom level of depression (daily stressors), anxiety and PTSD (traumatic experiences and daily stressors). European migration policies need to reduce the impact of daily stressors on UMs' mental health by ameliorating the reception and care facilities for this group. Moreover, regular mental health screenings are needed, in combination with, if needed, adapted psychosocial and therapeutic care.
Keywords
EXPERIENCES, ASYLUM, TRAUMA, CHILDREN, ORGANIZED VIOLENCE, YOUNG REFUGEES, MULTIPLE LANGUAGE VERSIONS, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS, ADOLESCENTS, ORGANIZED VIOLENCE, CHILDREN, TRAUMA, ASYLUM, MULTIPLE LANGUAGE VERSIONS, YOUNG REFUGEES, BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS, EXPERIENCES, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, ADOLESCENTS

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 505.09 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vervliet, Marianne, Jan Lammertyn, Eric Broekaert, and Ilse Derluyn. 2014. “Longitudinal Follow-up of the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 23 (5): 337–346.
APA
Vervliet, M., Lammertyn, J., Broekaert, E., & Derluyn, I. (2014). Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, 23(5), 337–346.
Vancouver
1.
Vervliet M, Lammertyn J, Broekaert E, Derluyn I. Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY. 2014;23(5):337–46.
MLA
Vervliet, Marianne, Jan Lammertyn, Eric Broekaert, et al. “Longitudinal Follow-up of the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors.” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY 23.5 (2014): 337–346. Print.
@article{4122971,
  abstract     = {Despite growing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UMs) in Europe, and evidence that this group is at risk of developing mental health problems, there still remain important knowledge gaps regarding the development of UMs' mental health during their trajectories in the host country and, in particular, the possible influencing role of traumatic experiences and daily stressors therein. This study therefore followed 103 UMs from the moment they arrived in Belgium until 18 months later. Traumatic experiences (SLE), mental health symptoms (HSCL-37A, RATS) and daily stressors (DSSYR) were measured at arrival in Belgium, after 6 and 18 months. UMs reported generally high scores on anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Linear mixed model analysis showed no significant differences in mental health scores over time, pointing towards the possible long-term persistence of mental health problems in this population. The number of traumatic experiences and the number of daily stressors leaded to a significant higher symptom level of depression (daily stressors), anxiety and PTSD (traumatic experiences and daily stressors). European migration policies need to reduce the impact of daily stressors on UMs' mental health by ameliorating the reception and care facilities for this group. Moreover, regular mental health screenings are needed, in combination with, if needed, adapted psychosocial and therapeutic care.},
  author       = {Vervliet, Marianne and Lammertyn, Jan and Broekaert, Eric and Derluyn, Ilse},
  issn         = {1018-8827},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN CHILD \& ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {337--346},
  title        = {Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-013-0463-1},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2014},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: