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Factors influencing mode of transport in older adolescents: a qualitative study

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Abstract
Background: Since a decline in activity levels occurs in adolescence, active transport could be important to increase daily physical activity in older adolescents (17-18 years). To promote active transport, it is necessary to be aware of the barriers and facilitators of this type of transport, but also of other transport modes. This study sought to uncover the factors influencing the choice of transport mode for short distance travel to various destinations in older adolescents using focus groups. Methods: Thirty-two focus group volunteers (mean age of 17 +/- 1.2 years) were recruited from the two final years of the secondary school in Antwerp (Belgium). Five focus groups were conducted (five to eight participants/group). Content analysis was performed using NVivo 9 software (QSR International). Grounded theory was used to derive categories and subcategories. Results: Data were categorized in three main themes with several subcategories: personal factors (high autonomy, low costs and health), social factors (good social support) and physical environmental factors (short travel time, good access to transport modes and to facilities, good weather, an adapted built environment, perceived safety and ecology). Conclusions: For older adolescents, the interplay between short travel time, high autonomy, good social support, low costs, good access to transport modes and facilities, and good weather was important for choosing active transport over other transport forms for travelling short distances to various destinations. Other well-known factors such as safety, ecology and health seemed not to have a big influence on their transport mode choice.
Keywords
Focus groups, Motorized transport, Active transport, Transport choice, ACTIVE SCHOOL TRANSPORT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, PUBLIC TRANSPORT, YOUNG-PEOPLE, WALKING, CHILDREN, TRAVEL, Youth, YOUTH, PREVALENCE, ASSOCIATION

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MLA
Simons, Dorien, Peter Clarys, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “Factors Influencing Mode of Transport in Older Adolescents: a Qualitative Study.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 13 (2013): n. pag. Print.
APA
Simons, Dorien, Clarys, P., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., de Geus, B., Vandelanotte, C., & Deforche, B. (2013). Factors influencing mode of transport in older adolescents: a qualitative study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 13.
Chicago author-date
Simons, Dorien, Peter Clarys, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Bas de Geus, Corneel Vandelanotte, and Benedicte Deforche. 2013. “Factors Influencing Mode of Transport in Older Adolescents: a Qualitative Study.” Bmc Public Health 13.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Simons, Dorien, Peter Clarys, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Bas de Geus, Corneel Vandelanotte, and Benedicte Deforche. 2013. “Factors Influencing Mode of Transport in Older Adolescents: a Qualitative Study.” Bmc Public Health 13.
Vancouver
1.
Simons D, Clarys P, De Bourdeaudhuij I, de Geus B, Vandelanotte C, Deforche B. Factors influencing mode of transport in older adolescents: a qualitative study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2013;13.
IEEE
[1]
D. Simons, P. Clarys, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, B. de Geus, C. Vandelanotte, and B. Deforche, “Factors influencing mode of transport in older adolescents: a qualitative study,” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 13, 2013.
@article{4114946,
  abstract     = {Background: Since a decline in activity levels occurs in adolescence, active transport could be important to increase daily physical activity in older adolescents (17-18 years). To promote active transport, it is necessary to be aware of the barriers and facilitators of this type of transport, but also of other transport modes. This study sought to uncover the factors influencing the choice of transport mode for short distance travel to various destinations in older adolescents using focus groups.
Methods: Thirty-two focus group volunteers (mean age of 17 +/- 1.2 years) were recruited from the two final years of the secondary school in Antwerp (Belgium). Five focus groups were conducted (five to eight participants/group). Content analysis was performed using NVivo 9 software (QSR International). Grounded theory was used to derive categories and subcategories.
Results: Data were categorized in three main themes with several subcategories: personal factors (high autonomy, low costs and health), social factors (good social support) and physical environmental factors (short travel time, good access to transport modes and to facilities, good weather, an adapted built environment, perceived safety and ecology).
Conclusions: For older adolescents, the interplay between short travel time, high autonomy, good social support, low costs, good access to transport modes and facilities, and good weather was important for choosing active transport over other transport forms for travelling short distances to various destinations. Other well-known factors such as safety, ecology and health seemed not to have a big influence on their transport mode choice.},
  articleno    = {323},
  author       = {Simons, Dorien and Clarys, Peter and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and de Geus, Bas and Vandelanotte, Corneel and Deforche, Benedicte},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {Focus groups,Motorized transport,Active transport,Transport choice,ACTIVE SCHOOL TRANSPORT,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,PUBLIC TRANSPORT,YOUNG-PEOPLE,WALKING,CHILDREN,TRAVEL,Youth,YOUTH,PREVALENCE,ASSOCIATION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Factors influencing mode of transport in older adolescents: a qualitative study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-323},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2013},
}

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