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Physiologic effects of dry needling

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Abstract
During the past decades, worldwide clinical and scientific interest in dry needling (DN) therapy has grown exponentially. Various clinical effects have been credited to dry needling, but rigorous evidence about its potential physiological mechanisms of actions and effects is still lacking. Research identifying these exact mechanisms of dry needling action is sparse and studies performed in an acupuncture setting do not necessarily apply to DN. The studies of potential effects of DN are reviewed in reference to the different aspects involved in the pathophysiology of myofascial triggerpoints: the taut band, local ischemia and hypoxia, peripheral and central sensitization. This article aims to provide the physiotherapist with a greater understanding of the contemporary data available: what effects could be attributed to dry needling and what are their potential underlying mechanisms of action, and also indicate some directions at which future research could be aimed to fill current voids.
Keywords
Myofascial trigger point, Myofascial pain syndrome, Dry needling, Sensitization, Physiological Effects, Pain physiology, MYOFASCIAL TRIGGER POINT, SPONTANEOUS ELECTRICAL-ACTIVITY, MUSCLE BLOOD-FLOW, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS, NOXIOUS INHIBITORY CONTROL, TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, STIMULATION ACUPUNCTURE, CENTRAL MODULATION, HEALTHY-SUBJECTS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Cagnie, Barbara, Vincent Dewitte, Tom Barbe, et al. “Physiologic Effects of Dry Needling.” CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS 17.8 (2013): n. pag. Print.
APA
Cagnie, Barbara, Dewitte, V., Barbe, T., Timmermans, F., Delrue, N., & Meeus, M. (2013). Physiologic effects of dry needling. CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS, 17(8).
Chicago author-date
Cagnie, Barbara, Vincent Dewitte, Tom Barbe, Frank Timmermans, Nicolas Delrue, and Mira Meeus. 2013. “Physiologic Effects of Dry Needling.” Current Pain and Headache Reports 17 (8).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Cagnie, Barbara, Vincent Dewitte, Tom Barbe, Frank Timmermans, Nicolas Delrue, and Mira Meeus. 2013. “Physiologic Effects of Dry Needling.” Current Pain and Headache Reports 17 (8).
Vancouver
1.
Cagnie B, Dewitte V, Barbe T, Timmermans F, Delrue N, Meeus M. Physiologic effects of dry needling. CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS. 2013;17(8).
IEEE
[1]
B. Cagnie, V. Dewitte, T. Barbe, F. Timmermans, N. Delrue, and M. Meeus, “Physiologic effects of dry needling,” CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS, vol. 17, no. 8, 2013.
@article{4109255,
  abstract     = {During the past decades, worldwide clinical and scientific interest in dry needling (DN) therapy has grown exponentially. Various clinical effects have been credited to dry needling, but rigorous evidence about its potential physiological mechanisms of actions and effects is still lacking. Research identifying these exact mechanisms of dry needling action is sparse and studies performed in an acupuncture setting do not necessarily apply to DN. The studies of potential effects of DN are reviewed in reference to the different aspects involved in the pathophysiology of myofascial triggerpoints: the taut band, local ischemia and hypoxia, peripheral and central sensitization. This article aims to provide the physiotherapist with a greater understanding of the contemporary data available: what effects could be attributed to dry needling and what are their potential underlying mechanisms of action, and also indicate some directions at which future research could be aimed to fill current voids.},
  articleno    = {348},
  author       = {Cagnie, Barbara and Dewitte, Vincent and Barbe, Tom and Timmermans, Frank and Delrue, Nicolas and Meeus, Mira},
  issn         = {1531-3433},
  journal      = {CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS},
  keywords     = {Myofascial trigger point,Myofascial pain syndrome,Dry needling,Sensitization,Physiological Effects,Pain physiology,MYOFASCIAL TRIGGER POINT,SPONTANEOUS ELECTRICAL-ACTIVITY,MUSCLE BLOOD-FLOW,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS,NOXIOUS INHIBITORY CONTROL,TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE,SKELETAL-MUSCLE,STIMULATION ACUPUNCTURE,CENTRAL MODULATION,HEALTHY-SUBJECTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {Physiologic effects of dry needling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11916-013-0348-5},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2013},
}

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