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Arthroscopic features of primary and concomitant flexor enthesopathy in the canine elbow

Evelien de Bakker (UGent) , Yves Samoy (UGent) , Eva Coppieters (UGent) , Lynn Mosselmans (UGent) and Bernadette Van Ryssen (UGent)
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Abstract
Objectives: To investigate the possibilities and limitations of arthroscopy to detect flexor enthesopathy in dogs and to distinguish the primary from the concomitant form. Materials and methods: Fifty dogs (n = 94 elbow joints) were prospectively studied: dogs with primary flexor enthesopathy (n = 29), concomitant flexor enthesopathy (n = 36), elbow dysplasia (n = 18), and normal elbow joints (n = 11). All dogs underwent an arthroscopic examination of one or both elbow joints. Presence or absence of arthroscopic characteristics of flexor enthesopathy and of other elbow disorders were recorded. Results: With arthroscopy, several pathological changes of the enthesis were observed in 100% of the joints of both flexor enthesopathy groups, but also in 72% of the joints with elbow dysplasia and 25% of the normal joints. No clear differences were seen between both flexor enthesopathy groups. Clinical significance: Arthroscopy allows a sensitive detection of flexor enthesopathy characteristics, although it is not very specific as these characteristics may also be found in joints without flexor enthesopathy. The similar aspect of both forms of flexor enthesopathy and the presence of mild irregularities at the medial coronoid process in joints with primary flexor enthesopathy impedes the arthroscopic differentiation between primary and concomitant forms, requiring additional diagnostic techniques to ensure a correct diagnosis.
Keywords
arthroscopy, Flexor enthesopathy, dog, elbow, Diagnosis, MEDIAL HUMERAL EPICONDYLE, IMAGING FINDINGS, REDEFINED TYPE, DOGS, LAMENESS, DIAGNOSIS, DYSPLASIA, LESIONS

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Chicago
de Bakker, Evelien, Yves Samoy, Eva Coppieters, Lynn Mosselmans, and Bernadette Van Ryssen. 2013. “Arthroscopic Features of Primary and Concomitant Flexor Enthesopathy in the Canine Elbow.” Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 26 (5): 340–347.
APA
de Bakker, E., Samoy, Y., Coppieters, E., Mosselmans, L., & Van Ryssen, B. (2013). Arthroscopic features of primary and concomitant flexor enthesopathy in the canine elbow. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY, 26(5), 340–347.
Vancouver
1.
de Bakker E, Samoy Y, Coppieters E, Mosselmans L, Van Ryssen B. Arthroscopic features of primary and concomitant flexor enthesopathy in the canine elbow. VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. 2013;26(5):340–7.
MLA
de Bakker, Evelien, Yves Samoy, Eva Coppieters, et al. “Arthroscopic Features of Primary and Concomitant Flexor Enthesopathy in the Canine Elbow.” VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY 26.5 (2013): 340–347. Print.
@article{4101678,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To investigate the possibilities and limitations of arthroscopy to detect flexor enthesopathy in dogs and to distinguish the primary from the concomitant form. Materials and methods: Fifty dogs (n = 94 elbow joints) were prospectively studied: dogs with primary flexor enthesopathy (n = 29), concomitant flexor enthesopathy (n = 36), elbow dysplasia (n = 18), and normal elbow joints (n = 11). All dogs underwent an arthroscopic examination of one or both elbow joints. Presence or absence of arthroscopic characteristics of flexor enthesopathy and of other elbow disorders were recorded. Results: With arthroscopy, several pathological changes of the enthesis were observed in 100\% of the joints of both flexor enthesopathy groups, but also in 72\% of the joints with elbow dysplasia and 25\% of the normal joints. No clear differences were seen between both flexor enthesopathy groups. Clinical significance: Arthroscopy allows a sensitive detection of flexor enthesopathy characteristics, although it is not very specific as these characteristics may also be found in joints without flexor enthesopathy. The similar aspect of both forms of flexor enthesopathy and the presence of mild irregularities at the medial coronoid process in joints with primary flexor enthesopathy impedes the arthroscopic differentiation between primary and concomitant forms, requiring additional diagnostic techniques to ensure a correct diagnosis.},
  author       = {de Bakker, Evelien and Samoy, Yves and Coppieters, Eva and Mosselmans, Lynn and Van Ryssen, Bernadette},
  issn         = {0932-0814},
  journal      = {VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {340--347},
  title        = {Arthroscopic features of primary and concomitant flexor enthesopathy in the canine elbow},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-12-09-0111},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2013},
}

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