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Les quatre libertés cardinales: de iconologie van de vrijheid van pers, onderwijs, vereniging en geloof in België, als uitdrukking van een populariserende grondwetscultus vanaf 1848

(2013) PRO MEMORIE. 15(1). p.154-180
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Abstract
From de revolutionary year 1848 onwards, a popularising constitutional cult was directed by the government of the young Belgian nation, headed by the minister of the interior Charles Rogier, expressing a national feeling of gratitude towards the Belgian constitution and its liberties, as it was held responsible for the survival of Belgium through the all-European revolutionary wave. Both philosophically and iconographically, four of the constitutional individual liberties, namely the freedoms of press, education, association and religion, got a separate status as fundamental liberties and pars pro toto for the constitution. They were drawn and engraved in prints, commemorating medals and an illustrated version of the constitution, and sculpted as temporary or lasting public statues. Commissioners and artists started a search – partly in vain – for a widespread iconography for this quartet, the result of which showing a certain analogy with the historic iconography and philosophy surrounding the four cardinal virtues.
Keywords
vrijheid van geloof, vrijheid van pers, Rechtsiconologie, Rechtsiconografie, grondwet, vrijheid van vereniging, vrijheid onderwijs, kardinale deugden

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Chicago
Huygebaert, Stefan. 2013. “Les Quatre Libertés Cardinales: De Iconologie Van De Vrijheid Van Pers, Onderwijs, Vereniging En Geloof in België, Als Uitdrukking Van Een Populariserende Grondwetscultus Vanaf 1848.” Pro Memorie 15 (1): 154–180.
APA
Huygebaert, S. (2013). Les quatre libertés cardinales: de iconologie van de vrijheid van pers, onderwijs, vereniging en geloof in België, als uitdrukking van een populariserende grondwetscultus vanaf 1848. PRO MEMORIE, 15(1), 154–180.
Vancouver
1.
Huygebaert S. Les quatre libertés cardinales: de iconologie van de vrijheid van pers, onderwijs, vereniging en geloof in België, als uitdrukking van een populariserende grondwetscultus vanaf 1848. PRO MEMORIE. 2013;15(1):154–80.
MLA
Huygebaert, Stefan. “Les Quatre Libertés Cardinales: De Iconologie Van De Vrijheid Van Pers, Onderwijs, Vereniging En Geloof in België, Als Uitdrukking Van Een Populariserende Grondwetscultus Vanaf 1848.” PRO MEMORIE 15.1 (2013): 154–180. Print.
@article{4101138,
  abstract     = {From de revolutionary year 1848 onwards, a popularising constitutional cult was directed by the government of the young Belgian nation, headed by the minister of the interior Charles Rogier, expressing a national feeling of gratitude towards the Belgian constitution and its liberties, as it was held responsible for the survival of Belgium through the all-European revolutionary wave. Both philosophically and iconographically, four of the constitutional individual liberties, namely the freedoms of press, education, association and religion, got a separate status as fundamental liberties and pars pro toto for the constitution. They were drawn and engraved in prints, commemorating medals and an illustrated version of the constitution, and sculpted as temporary or lasting public statues. Commissioners and artists started a search – partly in vain – for a widespread iconography for this quartet, the result of which showing a certain analogy with the historic iconography and philosophy surrounding the four cardinal virtues.},
  author       = {Huygebaert, Stefan},
  issn         = {1566-7146},
  journal      = {PRO MEMORIE},
  keywords     = {vrijheid van geloof,vrijheid van pers,Rechtsiconologie,Rechtsiconografie,grondwet,vrijheid van vereniging,vrijheid onderwijs,kardinale deugden},
  language     = {dut},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {154--180},
  title        = {Les quatre libertés cardinales: de iconologie van de vrijheid van pers, onderwijs, vereniging en geloof in België, als uitdrukking van een populariserende grondwetscultus vanaf 1848},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2013},
}