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Towards a carbon-negative sustainable bio-based economy

Bartel Vanholme (UGent) , Tom Desmet (UGent) , Frederik Ronsse (UGent) , Korneel Rabaey (UGent) , Frank Van Breusegem (UGent) , Marjan De Mey (UGent) , Wim Soetaert (UGent) and Wout Boerjan (UGent)
Author
Organization
Project
Biotechnology for a sustainable economy (Bio-Economy)
Abstract
The bio-based economy relies on sustainable, plant-derived resources for fuels, chemicals, materials, food and feed rather than on the evanescent usage of fossil resources. The cornerstone of this economy is the biorefinery, in which renewable resources are intelligently converted to a plethora of products, maximizing the valorization of the feedstocks. Innovation is a prerequisite to move a fossil-based economy toward sustainable alternatives, and the viability of the bio-based economy depends on the integration between plant (green) and industrial (white) biotechnology. Green biotechnology deals with primary production through the improvement of biomass crops, while white biotechnology deals with the conversion of biomass into products and energy. Waste streams are minimized during these processes or partly converted to biogas, which can be used to power the processing pipeline. The sustainability of this economy is guaranteed by a third technology pillar that uses thermochemical conversion to valorize waste streams and fix residual carbon as biochar in the soil, hence creating a carbon-negative cycle. These three different multidisciplinary pillars interact through the value chain of the bio-based economy.
Keywords
biomass, anaerobic digestion, fermentation, lignocellulose, saccharification, pyrolysis, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, C-4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, ABIOTIC STRESS, BLACK CARBON, WASTE-WATER, MICROBIAL ELECTROSYNTHESIS, FUNGUS TRICHODERMA-REESEI, LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS, PLANT-CELL WALL, biochar

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vanholme, Bartel, Tom Desmet, Frederik Ronsse, Korneel Rabaey, Frank Van Breusegem, Marjan De Mey, Wim Soetaert, and Wout Boerjan. 2013. “Towards a Carbon-negative Sustainable Bio-based Economy.” Frontiers in Plant Science 4.
APA
Vanholme, B., Desmet, T., Ronsse, F., Rabaey, K., Van Breusegem, F., De Mey, M., Soetaert, W., et al. (2013). Towards a carbon-negative sustainable bio-based economy. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE, 4.
Vancouver
1.
Vanholme B, Desmet T, Ronsse F, Rabaey K, Van Breusegem F, De Mey M, et al. Towards a carbon-negative sustainable bio-based economy. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. 2013;4.
MLA
Vanholme, Bartel, Tom Desmet, Frederik Ronsse, et al. “Towards a Carbon-negative Sustainable Bio-based Economy.” FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 4 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{4098843,
  abstract     = {The bio-based economy relies on sustainable, plant-derived resources for fuels, chemicals, materials, food and feed rather than on the evanescent usage of fossil resources. The cornerstone of this economy is the biorefinery, in which renewable resources are intelligently converted to a plethora of products, maximizing the valorization of the feedstocks. Innovation is a prerequisite to move a fossil-based economy toward sustainable alternatives, and the viability of the bio-based economy depends on the integration between plant (green) and industrial (white) biotechnology. Green biotechnology deals with primary production through the improvement of biomass crops, while white biotechnology deals with the conversion of biomass into products and energy. Waste streams are minimized during these processes or partly converted to biogas, which can be used to power the processing pipeline. The sustainability of this economy is guaranteed by a third technology pillar that uses thermochemical conversion to valorize waste streams and fix residual carbon as biochar in the soil, hence creating a carbon-negative cycle. These three different multidisciplinary pillars interact through the value chain of the bio-based economy.},
  articleno    = {174},
  author       = {Vanholme, Bartel and Desmet, Tom and Ronsse, Frederik and Rabaey, Korneel and Van Breusegem, Frank and De Mey, Marjan and Soetaert, Wim and Boerjan, Wout},
  issn         = {1664-462X},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {biomass,anaerobic digestion,fermentation,lignocellulose,saccharification,pyrolysis,SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE,C-4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS,ESCHERICHIA-COLI,ABIOTIC STRESS,BLACK CARBON,WASTE-WATER,MICROBIAL ELECTROSYNTHESIS,FUNGUS TRICHODERMA-REESEI,LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS,PLANT-CELL WALL,biochar},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {Towards a carbon-negative sustainable bio-based economy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2013.00174},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2013},
}

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