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Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams

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Organization
Abstract
The concept of Regions of Interest (ROIs) within a video sequence is useful for many application scenarios. This paper concentrates on the exploitation of ROI coding within the H.264/AVC specification by making use of Flexible Macroblock Ordering. It shows how ROIs can be coded in an H.264/AVC compliant bitstream and how the MPEG-21 BSDL framework can be used for the extraction of the ROIs. The first type of ROI extraction that is described, is simply dropping the slices that are not part of one of the ROIs. The second type is the replacement of these slices with so-called placeholder slices, the latter being implemented as P slices containing only macroblocks that are marked as 'skipped'. The exploitation of ROI scalability, as achieved by the presented methodology, illustrates the possibilities that are offered by the single-layered H.264/AVC specification for content adaptation. The results show that the bit rate needed to transmit the adapted bitstreams can be reduced significantly. Especially in the case of a static camera and a fixed background, this bit rate reduction has very little impact on the visual quality. Another advantage of the adaptation process is the fact that the execution speed of the receiving decoder fairly increases.
Keywords
FMO, content adaptation, H.264/AVC, MPEG-21 BSDL, placeholder slices, ROI, video coding, STANDARD

Citation

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MLA
Lambert, Peter, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, et al. “Using Placeholder Slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI Extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded Bitstreams.” SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS. Setubal, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION, 2006. 9–16. Print.
APA
Lambert, Peter, De Neve, W., De Schrijver, D., Dhondt, Y., & Van de Walle, R. (2006). Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams. SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS (pp. 9–16). Presented at the International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications, Setubal, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION.
Chicago author-date
Lambert, Peter, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, Yves Dhondt, and Rik Van de Walle. 2006. “Using Placeholder Slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI Extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded Bitstreams.” In SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS, 9–16. Setubal, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lambert, Peter, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, Yves Dhondt, and Rik Van de Walle. 2006. “Using Placeholder Slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI Extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded Bitstreams.” In SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS, 9–16. Setubal, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION.
Vancouver
1.
Lambert P, De Neve W, De Schrijver D, Dhondt Y, Van de Walle R. Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams. SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS. Setubal, Portugal: INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION; 2006. p. 9–16.
IEEE
[1]
P. Lambert, W. De Neve, D. De Schrijver, Y. Dhondt, and R. Van de Walle, “Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams,” in SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS, Setubal, Portugal, 2006, pp. 9–16.
@inproceedings{406449,
  abstract     = {The concept of Regions of Interest (ROIs) within a video sequence is useful for many application scenarios. This paper concentrates on the exploitation of ROI coding within the H.264/AVC specification by making use of Flexible Macroblock Ordering. It shows how ROIs can be coded in an H.264/AVC compliant bitstream and how the MPEG-21 BSDL framework can be used for the extraction of the ROIs.
The first type of ROI extraction that is described, is simply dropping the slices that are not part of one of the ROIs. The second type is the replacement of these slices with so-called placeholder slices, the latter being implemented as P slices containing only macroblocks that are marked as 'skipped'. The exploitation of ROI scalability, as achieved by the presented methodology, illustrates the possibilities that are offered by the single-layered H.264/AVC specification for content adaptation.
The results show that the bit rate needed to transmit the adapted bitstreams can be reduced significantly. Especially in the case of a static camera and a fixed background, this bit rate reduction has very little impact on the visual quality. Another advantage of the adaptation process is the fact that the execution speed of the receiving decoder fairly increases.},
  author       = {Lambert, Peter and De Neve, Wesley and De Schrijver, Davy and Dhondt, Yves and Van de Walle, Rik},
  booktitle    = {SIGMAP 2006: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGANL PROCESSING AND MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS},
  isbn         = {972-8865-64-3},
  keywords     = {FMO,content adaptation,H.264/AVC,MPEG-21 BSDL,placeholder slices,ROI,video coding,STANDARD},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Setubal, Portugal},
  pages        = {9--16},
  publisher    = {INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION},
  title        = {Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams},
  year         = {2006},
}

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