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Raman spectroscopy of modern art : classification and identification of Azo-pigments

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Abstract
Micro-Raman spectroscopy (MRS) is an important molecular spectroscopic technique for the non-destructive examination of objects of art. In this work, Raman spectra of a number of Ate-pigments are presented, which are important artists' pigments in contemporary artefacts. The Ate-pigments, being a group of cheap pigments with good painting properties, form an important subgroup of pigments that became available to the artists at the end of the 19(th) and the beginning of the 20(th) century. A classification for these Ate-pigments is presented, which is based on their chemical properties, reflected in their molecular Raman spectrum. It is shown that a close spectral examination can help in assigning the unknown pigment to a class of pigments and thus assist in the identification of the painting material.
Keywords
modern art, Raman spectroscopy, pigments, azo-pigments, 20(th) Century artefacts, pigment classification, Raman spectral interpretation, X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE

Citation

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Chicago
Vandenabeele, Peter, Luc Moens, and Howell GM Edwards. 2000. “Raman Spectroscopy of Modern Art : Classification and Identification of Azo-pigments.” In Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, ed. David L Andrews, Toshimitsu Asakura, Suganda Jutamulia, Wiley P Kirk, Max G Lagally, Ravindra B Lal, and James D Trolinger, 4098:301–310. Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering.
APA
Vandenabeele, P., Moens, L., & Edwards, H. G. (2000). Raman spectroscopy of modern art : classification and identification of Azo-pigments. In D. L. Andrews, T. Asakura, S. Jutamulia, W. P. Kirk, M. G. Lagally, R. B. Lal, & J. D. Trolinger (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 4098, pp. 301–310). Presented at the Conference on Optical Devices and Diagnostics in Materials Science, Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering.
Vancouver
1.
Vandenabeele P, Moens L, Edwards HG. Raman spectroscopy of modern art : classification and identification of Azo-pigments. In: Andrews DL, Asakura T, Jutamulia S, Kirk WP, Lagally MG, Lal RB, et al., editors. Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering; 2000. p. 301–10.
MLA
Vandenabeele, Peter, Luc Moens, and Howell GM Edwards. “Raman Spectroscopy of Modern Art : Classification and Identification of Azo-pigments.” Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. Ed. David L Andrews et al. Vol. 4098. Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2000. 301–310. Print.
@inproceedings{401183,
  abstract     = {Micro-Raman spectroscopy (MRS) is an important molecular spectroscopic technique for the non-destructive examination of objects of art. In this work, Raman spectra of a number of Ate-pigments are presented, which are important artists' pigments in contemporary artefacts. The Ate-pigments, being a group of cheap pigments with good painting properties, form an important subgroup of pigments that became available to the artists at the end of the 19(th) and the beginning of the 20(th) century. A classification for these Ate-pigments is presented, which is based on their chemical properties, reflected in their molecular Raman spectrum. It is shown that a close spectral examination can help in assigning the unknown pigment to a class of pigments and thus assist in the identification of the painting material.},
  author       = {Vandenabeele, Peter and Moens, Luc and Edwards, Howell GM},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering},
  editor       = {Andrews, David L and Asakura, Toshimitsu and Jutamulia, Suganda and Kirk, Wiley P and Lagally, Max G and Lal, Ravindra B and Trolinger, James D},
  isbn         = {9780819437495},
  issn         = {0277-786X},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Diego, CA, USA},
  pages        = {301--310},
  publisher    = {SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering},
  title        = {Raman spectroscopy of modern art : classification and identification of Azo-pigments},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.401642},
  volume       = {4098},
  year         = {2000},
}

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