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The effect of forest type on throughfall deposition and seepage flux: a review

An De Schrijver UGent, Guy Geudens UGent, Laurent Augusto, Jeroen Staelens UGent, Jan Mertens UGent, Karen Wuyts UGent, Leen Gielis and Kris Verheyen UGent (2007) OECOLOGIA. 153(3). p.663-674
abstract
Converting deciduous forests to coniferous plantations and vice versa causes environmental changes, but till now insight into the overall effect is lacking. This review, based on 38 case studies, aims to find out how coniferous and deciduous forests differ in terms of throughfall (+stemflow) deposition and seepage flux to groundwater. From the comparison of coniferous and deciduous stands at comparable sites, it can be inferred that deciduous forests receive less N and S via throughfall (+stemflow) deposition on the forest floor. In regions with relatively low open field deposition of atmospheric N (< 10 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)) , lower NH4+ mean throughfall (+stemflow) deposition was, however, reported under conifers compared to deciduous forest, while in regions with high atmospheric N pollution (> 10 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)), the opposite could be concluded. The higher the open field deposition of NH4+, the bigger the difference between the coniferous and deciduous throughfall (+stemflow) deposition. Furthermore, it can be concluded that canopy exchange of K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ is on average higher in deciduous stands. The significantly higher stand deposition flux of N and S in coniferous forests is reflected in a higher soil seepage flux of NO3-, SO42-,K+,Ca2+, Mg2+ and Al(III). Considering a subset of papers for which all necessary data were available, a close relationship between throughfall (+stemflow) deposition and seepage was found for N, irrespective of the forest type, while this was not the case for S. This review shows that the higher input flux of N and S in coniferous forests clearly involves a higher seepage of NO3- and SO42- and accompanying cations K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Al(III) into the groundwater, making this forest type more vulnerable to acidification and eutrophication compared to the deciduous forest type.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
deciduous forest, coniferous forest, nitrogen, base cations, sulphur, :ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION, NORWAY SPRUCE, SOIL SOLUTION, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, NITROGEN DEPOSITION, CONIFEROUS FORESTS, TEMPERATE FORESTS, EUROPEAN BEECH, CANOPY EXCHANGE
journal title
OECOLOGIA
Oecologia
volume
153
issue
3
pages
663 - 674
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000248812000018
JCR category
ECOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.973 (2007)
JCR rank
28/113 (2007)
JCR quartile
1 (2007)
ISSN
0029-8549
DOI
10.1007/s00442-007-0776-1
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
395558
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-395558
date created
2008-04-01 11:33:00
date last changed
2014-01-31 14:02:51
@article{395558,
  abstract     = {Converting deciduous forests to coniferous plantations and vice versa causes environmental changes, but till now insight into the overall effect is lacking. This review, based on 38 case studies, aims to find out how coniferous and deciduous forests differ in terms of throughfall (+stemflow) deposition and seepage flux to groundwater. From the comparison of coniferous and deciduous stands at comparable sites, it can be inferred that deciduous forests receive less N and S via throughfall (+stemflow) deposition on the forest floor. In regions with relatively low open field deposition of atmospheric N ({\textlangle} 10 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)) , lower NH4+ mean throughfall (+stemflow) deposition was, however, reported under conifers compared to deciduous forest, while in regions with high atmospheric N pollution ({\textrangle} 10 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)), the opposite could be concluded. The higher the open field deposition of NH4+, the bigger the difference between the coniferous and deciduous throughfall (+stemflow) deposition. Furthermore, it can be concluded that canopy exchange of K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ is on average higher in deciduous stands. The significantly higher stand deposition flux of N and S in coniferous forests is reflected in a higher soil seepage flux of NO3-, SO42-,K+,Ca2+, Mg2+ and Al(III). Considering a subset of papers for which all necessary data were available, a close relationship between throughfall (+stemflow) deposition and seepage was found for N, irrespective of the forest type, while this was not the case for S. This review shows that the higher input flux of N and S in coniferous forests clearly involves a higher seepage of NO3- and SO42- and accompanying cations K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Al(III) into the groundwater, making this forest type more vulnerable to acidification and eutrophication compared to the deciduous forest type.},
  author       = {De Schrijver, An and Geudens, Guy and Augusto, Laurent and Staelens, Jeroen and Mertens, Jan and Wuyts, Karen and Gielis, Leen and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0029-8549},
  journal      = {OECOLOGIA},
  keyword      = {deciduous forest,coniferous forest,nitrogen,base cations,sulphur,:ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION,NORWAY SPRUCE,SOIL SOLUTION,TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS,CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION,NITROGEN DEPOSITION,CONIFEROUS FORESTS,TEMPERATE FORESTS,EUROPEAN BEECH,CANOPY EXCHANGE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {663--674},
  title        = {The effect of forest type on throughfall deposition and seepage flux: a review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0776-1},
  volume       = {153},
  year         = {2007},
}

Chicago
De Schrijver, An, Guy Geudens, Laurent Augusto, Jeroen Staelens, Jan Mertens, Karen Wuyts, Leen Gielis, and Kris Verheyen. 2007. “The Effect of Forest Type on Throughfall Deposition and Seepage Flux: a Review.” Oecologia 153 (3): 663–674.
APA
De Schrijver, An, Geudens, G., Augusto, L., Staelens, J., Mertens, J., Wuyts, K., Gielis, L., et al. (2007). The effect of forest type on throughfall deposition and seepage flux: a review. OECOLOGIA, 153(3), 663–674.
Vancouver
1.
De Schrijver A, Geudens G, Augusto L, Staelens J, Mertens J, Wuyts K, et al. The effect of forest type on throughfall deposition and seepage flux: a review. OECOLOGIA. 2007;153(3):663–74.
MLA
De Schrijver, An, Guy Geudens, Laurent Augusto, et al. “The Effect of Forest Type on Throughfall Deposition and Seepage Flux: a Review.” OECOLOGIA 153.3 (2007): 663–674. Print.