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On the importance of incorporating forest edge deposition for evaluating exceedance of critical pollutant loads

An De Schrijver (UGent) , R Devlaeminck, Jan Mertens (UGent) , Karen Wuyts (UGent) , Martin Hermy (UGent) and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
(2007) APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 10(2). p.293-298
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Abstract
The concept of critical load (CL) was defined to express the tolerance of natural and semi-natural habitats for anthropogenic air pollution. Correct evaluation of the exceedance of critical loads is fundamental for the long-term protection of ecosystems by limiting emissions of potential acidifying and eutrophying pollutants. For forest ecosystems, the exceedance of critical loads is often calculated using deposition data measured in the forest interior. However, several studies report forest edges acting as 'hotspots' of acidifying and nitrogen deposition, showing up to four-fold increases in atmospheric deposition compared to the forest interior. This paper estimates the relevance of considering the higher deposition load in forest edges for calculating exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen and potential acidifying deposition. If measures to control and reduce atmospheric deposition are based on mean deposition fluxes within forest stands, deposition reductions will not be enough for preventing adverse effects. In fact, emission reductions should be adjusted to deposition values at the forest edge, since these zones are most threatened. We thus conclude that there is an urgent need to reconsider the calculation of exceedance of critical loads, taking into account edge enhancement of deposition. This is an issue of high relevance, particularly in highly fragmented regions, such as Flanders (Belgium).
Keywords
atmospheric deposition, air pollution, landscape fragmentation, forest landscape, nitrogen, sulphur, ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION, THROUGHFALL

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Chicago
De Schrijver, An, R Devlaeminck, Jan Mertens, Karen Wuyts, Martin Hermy, and Kris Verheyen. 2007. “On the Importance of Incorporating Forest Edge Deposition for Evaluating Exceedance of Critical Pollutant Loads.” Applied Vegetation Science 10 (2): 293–298.
APA
De Schrijver, An, Devlaeminck, R., Mertens, J., Wuyts, K., Hermy, M., & Verheyen, K. (2007). On the importance of incorporating forest edge deposition for evaluating exceedance of critical pollutant loads. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE, 10(2), 293–298.
Vancouver
1.
De Schrijver A, Devlaeminck R, Mertens J, Wuyts K, Hermy M, Verheyen K. On the importance of incorporating forest edge deposition for evaluating exceedance of critical pollutant loads. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 2007;10(2):293–8.
MLA
De Schrijver, An, R Devlaeminck, Jan Mertens, et al. “On the Importance of Incorporating Forest Edge Deposition for Evaluating Exceedance of Critical Pollutant Loads.” APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE 10.2 (2007): 293–298. Print.
@article{395554,
  abstract     = {The concept of critical load (CL) was defined to express the tolerance of natural and semi-natural habitats for anthropogenic air pollution. Correct evaluation of the exceedance of critical loads is fundamental for the long-term protection of ecosystems by limiting emissions of potential acidifying and eutrophying pollutants. For forest ecosystems, the exceedance of critical loads is often calculated using deposition data measured in the forest interior. However, several studies report forest edges acting as 'hotspots' of acidifying and nitrogen deposition, showing up to four-fold increases in atmospheric deposition compared to the forest interior. This paper estimates the relevance of considering the higher deposition load in forest edges for calculating exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen and potential acidifying deposition. If measures to control and reduce atmospheric deposition are based on mean deposition fluxes within forest stands, deposition reductions will not be enough for preventing adverse effects. In fact, emission reductions should be adjusted to deposition values at the forest edge, since these zones are most threatened. We thus conclude that there is an urgent need to reconsider the calculation of exceedance of critical loads, taking into account edge enhancement of deposition. This is an issue of high relevance, particularly in highly fragmented regions, such as Flanders (Belgium).},
  author       = {De Schrijver, An and Devlaeminck, R and Mertens, Jan and Wuyts, Karen and Hermy, Martin and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1402-2001},
  journal      = {APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {atmospheric deposition,air pollution,landscape fragmentation,forest landscape,nitrogen,sulphur,ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION,THROUGHFALL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {293--298},
  title        = {On the importance of incorporating forest edge deposition for evaluating exceedance of critical pollutant loads},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2007.tb00529.x},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2007},
}

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