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Mechanisms of virus-induced asthma exacerbations: state-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways document

(2007) ALLERGY. 62(5). p.457-470
Author
Organization
Abstract
Viral infections of the respiratory tract are the most common precipitants of acute asthma exacerbations. Exacerbations are only poorly responsive to current asthma therapies and new approaches to therapy are needed. Viruses, most frequently human rhinoviruses (RV), infect the airway epithelium, generate local and systemic immune responses, as well as neural responses, inducing inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. Using in vitro and in vivo experimental models the role of various proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory mediators, antiviral responses and molecular pathways that lead from infection to symptoms has been partly unravelled. In particular, mechanisms of susceptibility to viral infection have been identified and the bronchial epithelium appeared to be a key player. Nevertheless, additional understanding of the integration between the diverse elements of the antiviral response, especially in the context of allergic airway inflammation, as well as the interactions between viral infections and other stimuli that affect airway inflammation and responsiveness may lead to novel strategies in treating and/or preventing asthma exacerbations. This review presents the current knowledge and highlights areas in need of further research.
Keywords
* basic mechanisms, * asthma, * virus

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Chicago
PAPADOPOULOS, NG, P XEPAPADAKI, P MALLIA, Guy Brusselle, Jean-Baptiste Watelet, M XATZIPSALTI, G FOTEINOS, et al. 2007. “Mechanisms of Virus-induced Asthma Exacerbations: State-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways Document.” Allergy 62 (5): 457–470.
APA
PAPADOPOULOS, N., XEPAPADAKI, P., MALLIA, P., Brusselle, G., Watelet, J.-B., XATZIPSALTI, M., FOTEINOS, G., et al. (2007). Mechanisms of virus-induced asthma exacerbations: state-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways document. ALLERGY, 62(5), 457–470.
Vancouver
1.
PAPADOPOULOS N, XEPAPADAKI P, MALLIA P, Brusselle G, Watelet J-B, XATZIPSALTI M, et al. Mechanisms of virus-induced asthma exacerbations: state-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways document. ALLERGY. BLACKWELL PUBLISHING; 2007;62(5):457–70.
MLA
PAPADOPOULOS, NG, P XEPAPADAKI, P MALLIA, et al. “Mechanisms of Virus-induced Asthma Exacerbations: State-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways Document.” ALLERGY 62.5 (2007): 457–470. Print.
@article{390742,
  abstract     = {Viral infections of the respiratory tract are the most common precipitants of acute asthma exacerbations. Exacerbations are only poorly responsive to current asthma therapies and new approaches to therapy are needed. Viruses, most frequently human rhinoviruses (RV), infect the airway epithelium, generate local and systemic immune responses, as well as neural responses, inducing inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. Using in vitro and in vivo experimental models the role of various proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory mediators, antiviral responses and molecular pathways that lead from infection to symptoms has been partly unravelled. In particular, mechanisms of susceptibility to viral infection have been identified and the bronchial epithelium appeared to be a key player. Nevertheless, additional understanding of the integration between the diverse elements of the antiviral response, especially in the context of allergic airway inflammation, as well as the interactions between viral infections and other stimuli that affect airway inflammation and responsiveness may lead to novel strategies in treating and/or preventing asthma exacerbations. This review presents the current knowledge and highlights areas in need of further research.},
  author       = {PAPADOPOULOS, NG and XEPAPADAKI, P and MALLIA, P and Brusselle, Guy and Watelet, Jean-Baptiste and XATZIPSALTI, M and FOTEINOS, G and VAN DRUNEN, CM and FOKKENS, WJ and D'AMBROSIO, C and BONINI, S and BOSSIOS, A and LOTVALL, J and Van Cauwenberge, Paul and HOLGATE, ST and CANONICA, GW and SZCZEKLIK, A and ROHDE, G and KIMPEN, J and PITKARANTA, A and MAKELA, M and CHANEZ, P and RING, J and JOHNSTON, SL},
  issn         = {0105-4538},
  journal      = {ALLERGY},
  keyword      = {* basic mechanisms,* asthma,* virus},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {457--470},
  publisher    = {BLACKWELL PUBLISHING},
  title        = {Mechanisms of virus-induced asthma exacerbations: state-of-the-art. A GA(2)LEN and InterAirways document},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01341.x},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2007},
}

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