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Inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane in a black jaguar (Panthera onca) for surgical repair of a fractured mandible

Tim Waelbers (UGent) , Tim Bosmans (UGent) , Marije Risselada, Pieter Verleyen (UGent) and Ingeborgh Polis (UGent)
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Abstract
A black jaguar (Panthera onca) was anesthetized with a combination of medetomidine, ketamine and isoflurane in oxygen for radiological examination and surgical repair of a fractured mandible. Since a non-domesticated cat is potentially dangerous, induction of anesthesia was performed by intramuscular injection using a mechanical squeeze cage. The cardiopulmonary parameters during anesthesia remained within normal ranges; only a small increase in the respiration rate was recorded 75 minutes after intubation. This hyperventilation was treated with buprenorphine (for additional analgesia) and an increased inspiratory fraction of isoflurane. Recovery was rather slow after 165 minutes of general anesthesia, so atipamezole was administered. Ten minutes after the intramuscular injection of atipamezole, the animal started to recover. Meloxicam and buprenorphine were used for post-operative analgesia.
Keywords
DEXMEDETOMIDINE, XYLAZINE, ATIPAMEZOLE, CATS, MEDETOMIDINE-KETAMINE, CHEMICAL RESTRAINT, AGONISTS, FELIDS, LEO

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Chicago
Waelbers, Tim, Tim Bosmans, Marije Risselada, Pieter Verleyen, and Ingeborgh Polis. 2007. “Inhalation Anesthesia with Isoflurane in a Black Jaguar (Panthera Onca) for Surgical Repair of a Fractured Mandible.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 76 (2): 138–145.
APA
Waelbers, T., Bosmans, T., Risselada, M., Verleyen, P., & Polis, I. (2007). Inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane in a black jaguar (Panthera onca) for surgical repair of a fractured mandible. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 76(2), 138–145.
Vancouver
1.
Waelbers T, Bosmans T, Risselada M, Verleyen P, Polis I. Inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane in a black jaguar (Panthera onca) for surgical repair of a fractured mandible. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2007;76(2):138–45.
MLA
Waelbers, Tim, Tim Bosmans, Marije Risselada, et al. “Inhalation Anesthesia with Isoflurane in a Black Jaguar (Panthera Onca) for Surgical Repair of a Fractured Mandible.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 76.2 (2007): 138–145. Print.
@article{368489,
  abstract     = {A black jaguar (Panthera onca) was anesthetized with a combination of medetomidine, ketamine and isoflurane in oxygen for radiological examination and surgical repair of a fractured mandible. Since a non-domesticated cat is potentially dangerous, induction of anesthesia was performed by intramuscular injection using a mechanical squeeze cage. The cardiopulmonary parameters during anesthesia remained within normal ranges; only a small increase in the respiration rate was recorded 75 minutes after intubation. This hyperventilation was treated with buprenorphine (for additional analgesia) and an increased inspiratory fraction of isoflurane. Recovery was rather slow after 165 minutes of general anesthesia, so atipamezole was administered. Ten minutes after the intramuscular injection of atipamezole, the animal started to recover. Meloxicam and buprenorphine were used for post-operative analgesia.},
  author       = {Waelbers, Tim and Bosmans, Tim and Risselada, Marije and Verleyen, Pieter and Polis, Ingeborgh},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {138--145},
  title        = {Inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane in a black jaguar (Panthera onca) for surgical repair of a fractured mandible},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=289},
  volume       = {76},
  year         = {2007},
}

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