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Processing of complementary food does not increase hair zinc levels and growth of infants in Kilosa district, rural Tanzania

Carl Lachat UGent, John Van Camp UGent, Peter S Mamiro, Francis O Wayua, Anne Opsomer UGent, Dominique A Roberfroid and Patrick Kolsteren UGent (2006) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 95(1). p.174-180
abstract
A community-based, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from March 2001 to March 2002 in Kilosa, a rural district of Morogoro Region in Tanzania. One hundred and fifty-eight infants were selected randomly from lists of local Maternal and Child Health Care Centres and received either processed complementary food (PCF) or unprocessed complementary food (UPCF) from age 6 to 12 months. Processing increased Zn solubility and energy density of the porridge prepared from the complementary food (CF) as determined in vitro. Phytate:Zn molar ratio of the PCF and UPCF was 25.8 and 47.5, respectively. Under the study conditions, the processing of CF did not improve Zn status as measured by hair analysis. No significant correlations were found between hair Zn values and anthropometric measurements. Our findings suggest that processing alone of cereal-based CF may be insufficient to ensure an adequate supply of Zn to improve growth and Zn status of infants. Dietary modification to tackle Zn deficiencies in similar target groups may therefore only be successful when other Zn-rich foods such as meat and fish are included.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SUPPLEMENTATION, CHILDREN, IN-VITRO, FINGER MILLET, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, Tanzania, infant growth, complementary food, zinc status, BIOAVAILABILITY, ABSORPTION, IRON, HOMEOSTASIS
journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Br. J. Nutr.
volume
95
issue
1
pages
174-180 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000234936600022
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
2.708 (2006)
JCR rank
12/54 (2006)
JCR quartile
1 (2006)
ISSN
0007-1145
DOI
10.1079/BJN20051610
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
350916
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-350916
date created
2006-06-07 13:27:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:10
@article{350916,
  abstract     = {A community-based, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from March 2001 to March 2002 in Kilosa, a rural district of Morogoro Region in Tanzania. One hundred and fifty-eight infants were selected randomly from lists of local Maternal and Child Health Care Centres and received either processed complementary food (PCF) or unprocessed complementary food (UPCF) from age 6 to 12 months. Processing increased Zn solubility and energy density of the porridge prepared from the complementary food (CF) as determined in vitro. Phytate:Zn molar ratio of the PCF and UPCF was 25.8 and 47.5, respectively. Under the study conditions, the processing of CF did not improve Zn status as measured by hair analysis. No significant correlations were found between hair Zn values and anthropometric measurements. Our findings suggest that processing alone of cereal-based CF may be insufficient to ensure an adequate supply of Zn to improve growth and Zn status of infants. Dietary modification to tackle Zn deficiencies in similar target groups may therefore only be successful when other Zn-rich foods such as meat and fish are included.},
  author       = {Lachat, Carl and Van Camp, John and Mamiro, Peter S and Wayua, Francis O and Opsomer, Anne and Roberfroid, Dominique A and Kolsteren, Patrick},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {SUPPLEMENTATION,CHILDREN,IN-VITRO,FINGER MILLET,DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,Tanzania,infant growth,complementary food,zinc status,BIOAVAILABILITY,ABSORPTION,IRON,HOMEOSTASIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {174--180},
  title        = {Processing of complementary food does not increase hair zinc levels and growth of infants in Kilosa district, rural Tanzania},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051610},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2006},
}

Chicago
Lachat, Carl, John Van Camp, Peter S Mamiro, Francis O Wayua, Anne Opsomer, Dominique A Roberfroid, and Patrick Kolsteren. 2006. “Processing of Complementary Food Does Not Increase Hair Zinc Levels and Growth of Infants in Kilosa District, Rural Tanzania.” British Journal of Nutrition 95 (1): 174–180.
APA
Lachat, C., Van Camp, J., Mamiro, P. S., Wayua, F. O., Opsomer, A., Roberfroid, D. A., & Kolsteren, P. (2006). Processing of complementary food does not increase hair zinc levels and growth of infants in Kilosa district, rural Tanzania. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 95(1), 174–180.
Vancouver
1.
Lachat C, Van Camp J, Mamiro PS, Wayua FO, Opsomer A, Roberfroid DA, et al. Processing of complementary food does not increase hair zinc levels and growth of infants in Kilosa district, rural Tanzania. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2006;95(1):174–80.
MLA
Lachat, Carl, John Van Camp, Peter S Mamiro, et al. “Processing of Complementary Food Does Not Increase Hair Zinc Levels and Growth of Infants in Kilosa District, Rural Tanzania.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 95.1 (2006): 174–180. Print.