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Origin of the nanocrystalline interface in superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites: a SEM/HREM study

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Abstract
Superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites were prepared and the microstructure was thoroughly studied. A 20 nm thick amorphous-nanocrystalline phase was observed at the interface between the superconductor and the Ag. SEM/HREM/EDX observations were used to study this nanolayer and the results point to incongruent melting as the most probable cause of this phenomenon. The change in concentration of the Bi-2223 phase with the addition of Ag is elucidated in terms of the difference between the sintering temperature used and the incongruent melting. It is suggested that the frequently observed penetration of the ceramic phase into the Ag can be explained by the interfacial energy model.
Keywords
TEXTURE DEVELOPMENT, RESOLUTION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY, PHASE-COMPOSITION, AG, TAPES, MICROSTRUCTURE, SILVER, SYSTEM, OXYGEN

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MLA
Bruneel, Els, Takeo Oku, Greet Penneman, et al. “Origin of the Nanocrystalline Interface in Superconducting Bi-2223/Ag Composites: a SEM/HREM Study.” SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 17.6 (2004): 750–755. Print.
APA
Bruneel, Els, Oku, T., Penneman, G., Van Driessche, I., & Hoste, S. (2004). Origin of the nanocrystalline interface in superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites: a SEM/HREM study. SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 17(6), 750–755.
Chicago author-date
Bruneel, Els, Takeo Oku, Greet Penneman, Isabel Van Driessche, and Serge Hoste. 2004. “Origin of the Nanocrystalline Interface in Superconducting Bi-2223/Ag Composites: a SEM/HREM Study.” Superconductor Science & Technology 17 (6): 750–755.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bruneel, Els, Takeo Oku, Greet Penneman, Isabel Van Driessche, and Serge Hoste. 2004. “Origin of the Nanocrystalline Interface in Superconducting Bi-2223/Ag Composites: a SEM/HREM Study.” Superconductor Science & Technology 17 (6): 750–755.
Vancouver
1.
Bruneel E, Oku T, Penneman G, Van Driessche I, Hoste S. Origin of the nanocrystalline interface in superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites: a SEM/HREM study. SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. 2004;17(6):750–5.
IEEE
[1]
E. Bruneel, T. Oku, G. Penneman, I. Van Driessche, and S. Hoste, “Origin of the nanocrystalline interface in superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites: a SEM/HREM study,” SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 750–755, 2004.
@article{348969,
  abstract     = {Superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites were prepared and the microstructure was thoroughly studied. A 20 nm thick amorphous-nanocrystalline phase was observed at the interface between the superconductor and the Ag. SEM/HREM/EDX observations were used to study this nanolayer and the results point to incongruent melting as the most probable cause of this phenomenon. The change in concentration of the Bi-2223 phase with the addition of Ag is elucidated in terms of the difference between the sintering temperature used and the incongruent melting. It is suggested that the frequently observed penetration of the ceramic phase into the Ag can be explained by the interfacial energy model.},
  author       = {Bruneel, Els and Oku, Takeo and Penneman, Greet and Van Driessche, Isabel and Hoste, Serge},
  issn         = {0953-2048},
  journal      = {SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {TEXTURE DEVELOPMENT,RESOLUTION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY,PHASE-COMPOSITION,AG,TAPES,MICROSTRUCTURE,SILVER,SYSTEM,OXYGEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {750--755},
  title        = {Origin of the nanocrystalline interface in superconducting Bi-2223/Ag composites: a SEM/HREM study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/17/6/003},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2004},
}

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