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Measurement of the elliptic anisotropy of charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at root s(NN)=2.76 TeV

S Chatrchyan, V Khachatryan, AM Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, T Bergauer, M Dragicevic, J Ero, C Fabjan, M Friedl, et al. (2013) PHYSICAL REVIEW C. 87(1).
abstract
The anisotropy of the azimuthal distributions of charged particles produced in root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV PbPb collisions is studied with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The elliptic anisotropy parameter, upsilon(2), defined as the second coefficient in a Fourier expansion of the particle invariant yields, is extracted using the event-plane method, two- and four-particle cumulants, and Lee-Yang zeros. The anisotropy is presented as a function of transverse momentum (p(T)), pseudorapidity (eta) over a broad kinematic range, 0.3 < p(T) < 20 GeV/c, vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.4, and in 12 classes of collision centrality from 0 to 80%. The results are compared to those obtained at lower center-of-mass energies, and various scaling behaviors are examined. When scaled by the geometric eccentricity of the collision zone, the elliptic anisotropy is found to obey a universal scaling with the transverse particle density for different collision systems and center-of-mass energies.
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