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Sensorless commutation and speed control of brushless DC-machine drives based on the back-EMF symmetric threshold-tracking

Araz Darba (UGent) , Frederik De Belie (UGent) and Jan Melkebeek (UGent)
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Abstract
The operation of Brushless DC permanent-magnet machines requires information of the rotor position to steer the semiconductor switches of the power-supply module which is commonly referred to as Brushless Commutation. Different sensorless techniques have been proposed to estimate the rotor position using current and voltage measurements of the machine. Detection of the back-electromotive force (EMF) zero-crossing moments is one of the methods most used to achieve sensorless control by predicting the commutation moments. Most of the techniques based on this phenomenon have the inherit disadvantage of an indirect detection of commutation moments. This is the result of the commutation moment occurring 30 electrical degrees after the zero-crossing of the induced back-emf in the unexcited phase. Often, the time difference between the zero crossing of the back-emf and the optimal current commutation is assumed constant. This assumption can be valid for steady-state operation, however a varying time difference should be taken into account during transient operation of the BLDC machine. This uncertainty degrades the performance of the drive during transients and higher speed. In this paper a new method is proposed to overcome this problem which improves the performance while keeping the simplicity of the back-emf zero-crossing detection method. The proposed sensorless method operates parameterless in a way it uses none of the brushless dc-machine parameters.
Keywords
STARTING METHOD, POSITION SENSOR, MOTOR DRIVE, BLDC MOTORS, VOLTAGE, ROTOR, Permanent-magnet Brushless DC-Machine (BLDC-machine), Back-EMF zero-crossing, Sensorless Control

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Darba, Araz, Frederik De Belie, and Jan Melkebeek. 2013. “Sensorless Commutation and Speed Control of Brushless DC-machine Drives Based on the back-EMF Symmetric Threshold-tracking.” In 9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, Proceedings, 492–497. IEEE.
APA
Darba, A., De Belie, F., & Melkebeek, J. (2013). Sensorless commutation and speed control of brushless DC-machine drives based on the back-EMF symmetric threshold-tracking. 9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, Proceedings (pp. 492–497). Presented at the 9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives (IEMDC - 2013), IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Darba A, De Belie F, Melkebeek J. Sensorless commutation and speed control of brushless DC-machine drives based on the back-EMF symmetric threshold-tracking. 9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, Proceedings. IEEE; 2013. p. 492–7.
MLA
Darba, Araz, Frederik De Belie, and Jan Melkebeek. “Sensorless Commutation and Speed Control of Brushless DC-machine Drives Based on the back-EMF Symmetric Threshold-tracking.” 9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, Proceedings. IEEE, 2013. 492–497. Print.
@inproceedings{3305234,
  abstract     = {The operation of Brushless DC permanent-magnet machines requires information of the rotor position to steer the semiconductor switches of the power-supply module which is commonly referred to as Brushless Commutation. Different sensorless techniques have been proposed to estimate the rotor position using current and voltage measurements of the machine. Detection of the back-electromotive force (EMF) zero-crossing moments is one of the methods most used to achieve sensorless control by predicting the commutation moments. Most of the techniques based on this phenomenon have the inherit disadvantage of an indirect detection of commutation moments. This is the result of the commutation moment occurring 30 electrical degrees after the zero-crossing of the induced back-emf in the unexcited phase. Often, the time difference between the zero crossing of the back-emf and the optimal current commutation is assumed constant. This assumption can be valid for steady-state operation, however a varying time difference should be taken into account during transient operation of the BLDC machine. This uncertainty degrades the performance of the drive during transients and higher speed. In this paper a new method is proposed to overcome this problem which improves the performance while keeping the simplicity of the back-emf zero-crossing detection method. The proposed sensorless method operates parameterless in a way it uses none of the brushless dc-machine parameters.},
  author       = {Darba, Araz and De Belie, Frederik and Melkebeek, Jan},
  booktitle    = {9th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, Proceedings},
  isbn         = {9781467349741},
  keyword      = {STARTING METHOD,POSITION SENSOR,MOTOR DRIVE,BLDC MOTORS,VOLTAGE,ROTOR,Permanent-magnet Brushless DC-Machine (BLDC-machine),Back-EMF zero-crossing,Sensorless Control},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Chicago, Illinois, USA},
  pages        = {492--497},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Sensorless commutation and speed control of brushless DC-machine drives based on the back-EMF symmetric threshold-tracking},
  year         = {2013},
}

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