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Abstract
There is no widely accepted concept of species for prokaryotes, and assignment of isolates to species is based on measures of phenotypic or genome similarity. The current methods for defining prokaryotic species are inadequate and incapable of keeping pace with the levels of diversity that are being uncovered in nature. Prokaryotic taxonomy is being influenced by advances in microbial population genetics, ecology and genomics, and by the ease with which sequence data can be obtained. Here, we review the classical approaches to prokaryotic species definition and discuss the current and future impact of multilocus nucleotide-sequence-based approaches to prokaryotic systematics. We also consider the potential, and difficulties, of assigning species status to biologically or ecologically meaningful sequence clusters.
Keywords
GENE-TRANSFER, BURKHOLDERIA-PSEUDOMALLEI, SP. NOV., SEQUENCE, EVOLUTION, BACTERIA, IDENTIFICATION, RECOMBINATION, MICROORGANISMS, MYCOBACTERIUM

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Chicago
Gevers, Dirk, Frederick M Cohan, Jeffrey G Lawrence, Brian G Spratt, Tom Coenye, Edward J Feil, Erko Stackebrandt, et al. 2005. “Re-evaluating Prokaryotic Species.” Nature Reviews Microbiology 3 (9): 733–739.
APA
Gevers, D., Cohan, F. M., Lawrence, J. G., Spratt, B. G., Coenye, T., Feil, E. J., Stackebrandt, E., et al. (2005). Re-evaluating prokaryotic species. NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY, 3(9), 733–739.
Vancouver
1.
Gevers D, Cohan FM, Lawrence JG, Spratt BG, Coenye T, Feil EJ, et al. Re-evaluating prokaryotic species. NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY. 2005;3(9):733–9.
MLA
Gevers, Dirk, Frederick M Cohan, Jeffrey G Lawrence, et al. “Re-evaluating Prokaryotic Species.” NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY 3.9 (2005): 733–739. Print.
@article{329526,
  abstract     = {There is no widely accepted concept of species for prokaryotes, and assignment of isolates to species is based on measures of phenotypic or genome similarity. The current methods for defining prokaryotic species are inadequate and incapable of keeping pace with the levels of diversity that are being uncovered in nature. Prokaryotic taxonomy is being influenced by advances in microbial population genetics, ecology and genomics, and by the ease with which sequence data can be obtained. Here, we review the classical approaches to prokaryotic species definition and discuss the current and future impact of multilocus nucleotide-sequence-based approaches to prokaryotic systematics. We also consider the potential, and difficulties, of assigning species status to biologically or ecologically meaningful sequence clusters.},
  author       = {Gevers, Dirk and Cohan, Frederick M and Lawrence, Jeffrey G and Spratt, Brian G and Coenye, Tom and Feil, Edward J and Stackebrandt, Erko and Van de Peer, Yves and Vandamme, Peter and Thompson, Fabiano L and Swings, Jean},
  issn         = {1740-1526},
  journal      = {NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {GENE-TRANSFER,BURKHOLDERIA-PSEUDOMALLEI,SP. NOV.,SEQUENCE,EVOLUTION,BACTERIA,IDENTIFICATION,RECOMBINATION,MICROORGANISMS,MYCOBACTERIUM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {733--739},
  title        = {Re-evaluating prokaryotic species},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro1236},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2005},
}

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