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Pharmaceutical removal during managed aquifer recharge with pretreatment by advanced oxidation

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Abstract
Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are detected in sources for drinking water and treatment possibilities are investigated. Innovative removal technologies are available such as membrane filtration and advanced oxidation, but also biological treatment should be considered. By combining an advanced oxidation process with managed aquifer recharge (MAR), two complementary processes are expected to provide a hybrid system for OMP removal, according to the multiple barrier approach. Laboratory scale batch reactor experiments were conducted to investigate the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and 14 different pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) from MAR influent water and water subjected to oxidation, under different process conditions. A DOC removal of 10% was found in water under oxic (aerobic) conditions for batch reactor experiments, a similar value for DOC removal was observed in the field. Batch reactor experiments for the removal of PhACs showed that the removal of pharmaceuticals ranged from negligible to more than 90%. Under oxic conditions, seven out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed over 90% and 12 out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed at more than 50% during 30 days of experiments. Under anoxic conditions, four out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed over 90% and eight out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed at more than 50% over 30 days' experiments. Carbamazepine and phenazone were persistent both under oxic and anoxic conditions. The PhACs removal efficiency with oxidized water was, for most compounds, comparable to the removal with MAR influent water.
Keywords
oxic conditions, MAR, ozonation, WASTE-WATER TREATMENT, BANK FILTRATION, drinking water, organic micropollutants, soil passage, PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS, ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE, ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS, SURFACE-WATER, ILLICIT DRUGS, RESIDUES, BIODEGRADATION, CARBAMAZEPINE

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MLA
Lekkerkerker-Teunissen, K, ET Chekol, SKA Maeng, et al. “Pharmaceutical Removal During Managed Aquifer Recharge with Pretreatment by Advanced Oxidation.” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : WATER SUPPLY 12.6 (2012): 755–767. Print.
APA
Lekkerkerker-Teunissen, K., Chekol, E., Maeng, S., Ghebremichael, K., Houtman, C., Verliefde, A., Verberk, J., et al. (2012). Pharmaceutical removal during managed aquifer recharge with pretreatment by advanced oxidation. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : WATER SUPPLY, 12(6), 755–767.
Chicago author-date
Lekkerkerker-Teunissen, K, ET Chekol, SKA Maeng, K Ghebremichael, CJ Houtman, Arne Verliefde, JQJC Verberk, GL Amy, and JC van Dijk. 2012. “Pharmaceutical Removal During Managed Aquifer Recharge with Pretreatment by Advanced Oxidation.” Water Science and Technology : Water Supply 12 (6): 755–767.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lekkerkerker-Teunissen, K, ET Chekol, SKA Maeng, K Ghebremichael, CJ Houtman, Arne Verliefde, JQJC Verberk, GL Amy, and JC van Dijk. 2012. “Pharmaceutical Removal During Managed Aquifer Recharge with Pretreatment by Advanced Oxidation.” Water Science and Technology : Water Supply 12 (6): 755–767.
Vancouver
1.
Lekkerkerker-Teunissen K, Chekol E, Maeng S, Ghebremichael K, Houtman C, Verliefde A, et al. Pharmaceutical removal during managed aquifer recharge with pretreatment by advanced oxidation. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : WATER SUPPLY. 2012;12(6):755–67.
IEEE
[1]
K. Lekkerkerker-Teunissen et al., “Pharmaceutical removal during managed aquifer recharge with pretreatment by advanced oxidation,” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : WATER SUPPLY, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 755–767, 2012.
@article{3262239,
  abstract     = {Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are detected in sources for drinking water and treatment possibilities are investigated. Innovative removal technologies are available such as membrane filtration and advanced oxidation, but also biological treatment should be considered. By combining an advanced oxidation process with managed aquifer recharge (MAR), two complementary processes are expected to provide a hybrid system for OMP removal, according to the multiple barrier approach. Laboratory scale batch reactor experiments were conducted to investigate the removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and 14 different pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) from MAR influent water and water subjected to oxidation, under different process conditions. A DOC removal of 10% was found in water under oxic (aerobic) conditions for batch reactor experiments, a similar value for DOC removal was observed in the field. Batch reactor experiments for the removal of PhACs showed that the removal of pharmaceuticals ranged from negligible to more than 90%. Under oxic conditions, seven out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed over 90% and 12 out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed at more than 50% during 30 days of experiments. Under anoxic conditions, four out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed over 90% and eight out of 14 pharmaceuticals were removed at more than 50% over 30 days' experiments. Carbamazepine and phenazone were persistent both under oxic and anoxic conditions. The PhACs removal efficiency with oxidized water was, for most compounds, comparable to the removal with MAR influent water.},
  author       = {Lekkerkerker-Teunissen, K and Chekol, ET and Maeng, SKA and Ghebremichael, K and Houtman, CJ and Verliefde, Arne and Verberk, JQJC and Amy, GL and van Dijk, JC},
  issn         = {1606-9749},
  journal      = {WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : WATER SUPPLY},
  keywords     = {oxic conditions,MAR,ozonation,WASTE-WATER TREATMENT,BANK FILTRATION,drinking water,organic micropollutants,soil passage,PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS,ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE,ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS,SURFACE-WATER,ILLICIT DRUGS,RESIDUES,BIODEGRADATION,CARBAMAZEPINE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {755--767},
  title        = {Pharmaceutical removal during managed aquifer recharge with pretreatment by advanced oxidation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/ws.2012.050},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

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