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Drugs for cardiovascular support in anesthetized horses

Stijn Schauvliege (UGent) and Frank Gasthuys (UGent)
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Abstract
Despite the use of balanced anesthesia and fluids, drugs for cardiovascular support are often needed in anesthetized horses. Antimuscarinics can be used to treat bradycardia unrelated to hypertension. Vasopressors can be useful when hypotension is caused by vasodilation and/or when the effect of fluids and inotropes is insufficient. In most cases, however, inotropes, including sympathomimetics, calcium salts, and phosphodiesterase inhibitors, are preferred. Of the beta-sympathomimetics, dobutamine remains the agent of choice. Calcium salts are mainly useful in hypocalcemic patients. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors may offer an alternative solution, but more research is needed.
Keywords
Anesthesia, Cardiovascular support, Horses, Inotropes, Chronotropes, Vasopressors, CARDIAC SARCOPLASMIC-RETICULUM, HYOSCINE-N-BUTYLBROMIDE, OPEN-HEART-SURGERY, CALCIUM ADMINISTRATION INCREASES, INTRAVENOUS INOTROPIC AGENTS, NORMOTENSIVE NEONATAL FOALS, RESPIRATORY GAS-EXCHANGE, BETA-AGONIST STIMULATION, ARTERIAL-BLOOD PRESSURE, PLASMA IONIZED CALCIUM

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Schauvliege, Stijn, and Frank Gasthuys. “Drugs for Cardiovascular Support in Anesthetized Horses.” VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE 29.1 (2013): 19–49. Print.
APA
Schauvliege, S., & Gasthuys, F. (2013). Drugs for cardiovascular support in anesthetized horses. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE, 29(1), 19–49.
Chicago author-date
Schauvliege, Stijn, and Frank Gasthuys. 2013. “Drugs for Cardiovascular Support in Anesthetized Horses.” Veterinary Clinics of North America-equine Practice 29 (1): 19–49.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schauvliege, Stijn, and Frank Gasthuys. 2013. “Drugs for Cardiovascular Support in Anesthetized Horses.” Veterinary Clinics of North America-equine Practice 29 (1): 19–49.
Vancouver
1.
Schauvliege S, Gasthuys F. Drugs for cardiovascular support in anesthetized horses. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE. 2013;29(1):19–49.
IEEE
[1]
S. Schauvliege and F. Gasthuys, “Drugs for cardiovascular support in anesthetized horses,” VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 19–49, 2013.
@article{3260683,
  abstract     = {Despite the use of balanced anesthesia and fluids, drugs for cardiovascular support are often needed in anesthetized horses. Antimuscarinics can be used to treat bradycardia unrelated to hypertension. Vasopressors can be useful when hypotension is caused by vasodilation and/or when the effect of fluids and inotropes is insufficient. In most cases, however, inotropes, including sympathomimetics, calcium salts, and phosphodiesterase inhibitors, are preferred. Of the beta-sympathomimetics, dobutamine remains the agent of choice. Calcium salts are mainly useful in hypocalcemic patients. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors may offer an alternative solution, but more research is needed.},
  author       = {Schauvliege, Stijn and Gasthuys, Frank},
  issn         = {0749-0739},
  journal      = {VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {Anesthesia,Cardiovascular support,Horses,Inotropes,Chronotropes,Vasopressors,CARDIAC SARCOPLASMIC-RETICULUM,HYOSCINE-N-BUTYLBROMIDE,OPEN-HEART-SURGERY,CALCIUM ADMINISTRATION INCREASES,INTRAVENOUS INOTROPIC AGENTS,NORMOTENSIVE NEONATAL FOALS,RESPIRATORY GAS-EXCHANGE,BETA-AGONIST STIMULATION,ARTERIAL-BLOOD PRESSURE,PLASMA IONIZED CALCIUM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {19--49},
  title        = {Drugs for cardiovascular support in anesthetized horses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cveq.2012.11.011},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2013},
}

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