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HALOGAS : H I observations and modeling of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565

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Abstract
We present 21 cm observations and models of the neutral hydrogen in NGC 4565, a nearby, edge-on spiral galaxy, as part of the Westerbork Hydrogen Accretion in LOcal GAlaxieS survey. These models provide insight concerning both the morphology and kinematics of Hi above, as well as within, the disk. NGC 4565 exhibits a distinctly warped and asymmetric disk with a flaring layer. Our modeling provides no evidence for a massive, extended Hi halo. We see evidence for a bar and associated radial motions. Additionally, there are indications of radial motions within the disk, possibly associated with a ring of higher density. We see a substantial decrease in rotational velocity with height above the plane of the disk (a lag) of -40(-20)(+5) km s(-1) kpc(-1) and -30(-30)(+5) km s(-1) kpc(-1) in the approaching and receding halves, respectively. This lag is only seen within the inner similar to 4'.75 (14.9 kpc) on the approaching half and similar to 4'.25 (13.4 kpc) on the receding half, making this a radially shallowing lag, which is now seen in the Hi layers of several galaxies. When comparing results for NGC 4565 and those for other galaxies, there are tentative indications of high star formation rate per unit area being associated with the presence of a halo. Finally, Hi is found in two companion galaxies, one of which is clearly interacting with NGC 4565.
Keywords
KINEMATICS, galaxies: halos, INTERSTELLAR-MEDIUM, MILKY-WAY, DIFFUSE IONIZED-GAS, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, HIGH-VELOCITY CLOUDS, galaxies: individual (NGC 4565), galaxies: structure, NEUTRAL HYDROGEN OBSERVATIONS, EXTRA-PLANAR GAS, GASEOUS HALOS, NGC-891, ROTATION, galaxies: spiral

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Citation

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MLA
Zschaechner, Laura K, Richard J Rand, George H Heald, et al. “HALOGAS : H I Observations and Modeling of the Nearby Edge-on Spiral Galaxy NGC 4565.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 760.1 (2012): n. pag. Print.
APA
Zschaechner, L. K., Rand, R. J., Heald, G. H., Gentile, G., & Jozsa, G. (2012). HALOGAS : H I observations and modeling of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 760(1).
Chicago author-date
Zschaechner, Laura K, Richard J Rand, George H Heald, Gianfranco Gentile, and Gyula Jozsa. 2012. “HALOGAS : H I Observations and Modeling of the Nearby Edge-on Spiral Galaxy NGC 4565.” Astrophysical Journal 760 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Zschaechner, Laura K, Richard J Rand, George H Heald, Gianfranco Gentile, and Gyula Jozsa. 2012. “HALOGAS : H I Observations and Modeling of the Nearby Edge-on Spiral Galaxy NGC 4565.” Astrophysical Journal 760 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Zschaechner LK, Rand RJ, Heald GH, Gentile G, Jozsa G. HALOGAS : H I observations and modeling of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2012;760(1).
IEEE
[1]
L. K. Zschaechner, R. J. Rand, G. H. Heald, G. Gentile, and G. Jozsa, “HALOGAS : H I observations and modeling of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565,” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol. 760, no. 1, 2012.
@article{3258380,
  abstract     = {We present 21 cm observations and models of the neutral hydrogen in NGC 4565, a nearby, edge-on spiral galaxy, as part of the Westerbork Hydrogen Accretion in LOcal GAlaxieS survey. These models provide insight concerning both the morphology and kinematics of Hi above, as well as within, the disk. NGC 4565 exhibits a distinctly warped and asymmetric disk with a flaring layer. Our modeling provides no evidence for a massive, extended Hi halo. We see evidence for a bar and associated radial motions. Additionally, there are indications of radial motions within the disk, possibly associated with a ring of higher density. We see a substantial decrease in rotational velocity with height above the plane of the disk (a lag) of -40(-20)(+5) km s(-1) kpc(-1) and -30(-30)(+5) km s(-1) kpc(-1) in the approaching and receding halves, respectively. This lag is only seen within the inner similar to 4'.75 (14.9 kpc) on the approaching half and similar to 4'.25 (13.4 kpc) on the receding half, making this a radially shallowing lag, which is now seen in the Hi layers of several galaxies. When comparing results for NGC 4565 and those for other galaxies, there are tentative indications of high star formation rate per unit area being associated with the presence of a halo. Finally, Hi is found in two companion galaxies, one of which is clearly interacting with NGC 4565.},
  articleno    = {37},
  author       = {Zschaechner, Laura K and Rand, Richard J and Heald, George H and Gentile, Gianfranco and Jozsa, Gyula},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {KINEMATICS,galaxies: halos,INTERSTELLAR-MEDIUM,MILKY-WAY,DIFFUSE IONIZED-GAS,galaxies: kinematics and dynamics,HIGH-VELOCITY CLOUDS,galaxies: individual (NGC 4565),galaxies: structure,NEUTRAL HYDROGEN OBSERVATIONS,EXTRA-PLANAR GAS,GASEOUS HALOS,NGC-891,ROTATION,galaxies: spiral},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {HALOGAS : H I observations and modeling of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/37},
  volume       = {760},
  year         = {2012},
}

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