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Herschel exploitation of local galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the star formation law in M31

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Abstract
We present a detailed study of how the star formation rate (SFR) relates to the interstellar medium (ISM) of M31 at similar to 140 pc scales. The SFR is calculated using the far-ultraviolet and 24 mu m emission, corrected for the old stellar population in M31. We find a global value for the SFR of 0.25(-0.04)(+0.06) M-circle dot yr(-1) and compare this with the SFR found using the total far-infrared luminosity. There is general agreement in regions where young stars dominate the dust heating. Atomic hydrogen (H I) and molecular gas (traced by carbon monoxide, CO) or the dust mass is used to trace the total gas in the ISM. We show that the global surface densities of SFR and gas mass place M31 among a set of low-SFR galaxies in the plot of Kennicutt. The relationship between SFR and gas surface density is tested in six radial annuli across M31, assuming a power law relationship with index, N. The star formation (SF) law using total gas traced by H I and CO gives a global index of N = 2.03 +/- 0.04, with a significant variation with radius; the highest values are observed in the 10 kpc ring. We suggest that this slope is due to H I turning molecular at Sigma(Gas) similar to 10 M-(c) pc(-2). When looking at H-2 regions, we measure a higher mean SFR suggesting a better spatial correlation between H-2 and SF. We find N similar to 0.6 with consistent results throughout the disk-this is at the low end of values found in previous work and argues against a superlinear SF law on small scales.
Keywords
galaxies: spiral, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: star formation, infrared: galaxies, ISM: general, Local Group, stars: formation, submillimeter: ISM, ultraviolet: stars, FORMATION RATE INDICATORS, NEARBY GALAXIES, MOLECULAR GAS, CONVERSION FACTOR, FORMATION RATES, HUBBLE SEQUENCE, DISC GALAXIES, SCHMIDT LAW, GAMMA-RAYS, MILKY-WAY

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Citation

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Chicago
Ford, George P, Walter K Gear, Matthew WL Smith, Steve A Eales, Maarten Baes, George J Bendo, Médéric Boquien, et al. 2013. “Herschel Exploitation of Local Galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the Star Formation Law in M31.” Astrophysical Journal 769 (1).
APA
Ford, G. P., Gear, W. K., Smith, M. W., Eales, S. A., Baes, M., Bendo, G. J., Boquien, M., et al. (2013). Herschel exploitation of local galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the star formation law in M31. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 769(1).
Vancouver
1.
Ford GP, Gear WK, Smith MW, Eales SA, Baes M, Bendo GJ, et al. Herschel exploitation of local galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the star formation law in M31. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2013;769(1).
MLA
Ford, George P, Walter K Gear, Matthew WL Smith, et al. “Herschel Exploitation of Local Galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the Star Formation Law in M31.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 769.1 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{3258358,
  abstract     = {We present a detailed study of how the star formation rate (SFR) relates to the interstellar medium (ISM) of M31 at similar to 140 pc scales. The SFR is calculated using the far-ultraviolet and 24 mu m emission, corrected for the old stellar population in M31. We find a global value for the SFR of 0.25(-0.04)(+0.06) M-circle dot yr(-1) and compare this with the SFR found using the total far-infrared luminosity. There is general agreement in regions where young stars dominate the dust heating. Atomic hydrogen (H I) and molecular gas (traced by carbon monoxide, CO) or the dust mass is used to trace the total gas in the ISM. We show that the global surface densities of SFR and gas mass place M31 among a set of low-SFR galaxies in the plot of Kennicutt. The relationship between SFR and gas surface density is tested in six radial annuli across M31, assuming a power law relationship with index, N. The star formation (SF) law using total gas traced by H I and CO gives a global index of N = 2.03 +/- 0.04, with a significant variation with radius; the highest values are observed in the 10 kpc ring. We suggest that this slope is due to H I turning molecular at Sigma(Gas) similar to 10 M-(c) pc(-2). When looking at H-2 regions, we measure a higher mean SFR suggesting a better spatial correlation between H-2 and SF. We find N similar to 0.6 with consistent results throughout the disk-this is at the low end of values found in previous work and argues against a superlinear SF law on small scales.},
  articleno    = {55},
  author       = {Ford, George P and Gear, Walter K and Smith, Matthew WL and Eales, Steve A and Baes, Maarten and Bendo, George J and Boquien, M{\'e}d{\'e}ric and Boselli, Alessandro and Cooray, Asantha R and De Looze, Ilse and Fritz, Jacopo and Gentile, Gianfranco and Gomez, Haley L and Gordon, Karl D and Kirk, Jason and Lebouteiller, Vianney and O'Halloran, Brian and Spinoglio, Luigi and Verstappen, Joris and Wilson, Christine D},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {Herschel exploitation of local galaxy Andromeda (HELGA), III : the star formation law in M31},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/769/1/55},
  volume       = {769},
  year         = {2013},
}

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