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Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events

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Abstract
In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high p(T) (> 2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard p(T) component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.
Keywords
ENERGIES, GLUON, TEV, MODEL

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MLA
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, et al. “Lateral Distribution of Muons in IceCube Cosmic Ray Events.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 87.1 (2013): n. pag. Print.
APA
Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., Altmann, D., et al. (2013). Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 87(1).
Chicago author-date
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, et al. 2013. “Lateral Distribution of Muons in IceCube Cosmic Ray Events.” Physical Review D 87 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Abbasi, R, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, KH Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Boser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, S Buitink, Michael Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, F Descamps, P Desiati, Garmt De Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegard, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, Tom Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glusenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Gora, D Grant, A Gross, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, Abd Al Karim Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, P Heimann, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, Ola Jlelati, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, J Klas, SR Klein, JH Kohne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Kopke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, Mathieu Labare, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, M Lesiak-Bzdak, J Lunemann, J Madsen, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Meszaros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O’Murchadha, S Panknin, L Paul, JA Pepper, CP de los Heros, D Pieloth, N Pirk, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Radel, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, Dirk Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, HG Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schoneberg, L Schonherr, A Schonwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, MWE Smith, M Soiron, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stossl, EA Strahler, R Strom, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, D van der Drift, N van Eijndhoven, Arne Van Overloop, J van Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, R Wasserman, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, A Zilles, and M Zoll. 2013. “Lateral Distribution of Muons in IceCube Cosmic Ray Events.” Physical Review D 87 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar J, Ahlers M, et al. Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2013;87(1).
IEEE
[1]
R. Abbasi et al., “Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events,” PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 87, no. 1, 2013.
@article{3247182,
  abstract     = {In cosmic ray air showers, the muon lateral separation from the center of the shower is a measure of the transverse momentum that the muon parent acquired in the cosmic ray interaction. IceCube has observed cosmic ray interactions that produce muons laterally separated by up to 400 m from the shower core, a factor of 6 larger distance than previous measurements. These muons originate in high p(T) (> 2 GeV/c) interactions from the incident cosmic ray, or high-energy secondary interactions. The separation distribution shows a transition to a power law at large values, indicating the presence of a hard p(T) component that can be described by perturbative quantum chromodynamics. However, the rates and the zenith angle distributions of these events are not well reproduced with the cosmic ray models tested here, even those that include charm interactions. This discrepancy may be explained by a larger fraction of kaons and charmed particles than is currently incorporated in the simulations.},
  articleno    = {012005},
  author       = {Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Altmann, D and Andeen, K and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beattie, K and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Tjus, JB and Becker, KH and Bell, M and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berdermann, J and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bertrand, D and Besson, DZ and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Brayeur, L and Brown, AM and Bruijn, R and Brunner, J and Buitink, S and Carson, Michael and Casey, J and Casier, M and Chirkin, D and Christy, B and Clevermann, F and Cohen, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Danninger, M and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and De Clercq, C and Descamps, F and Desiati, P and De Vries-Uiterweerd, Garmt and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dreyer, J and Dumm, JP and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eisch, J and Ellsworth, RW and Engdegard, O and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Franckowiak, A and Franke, R and Frantzen, K and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grant, D and Gross, A and Grullon, S and Gurtner, M and Ha, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Heereman, D and Heimann, P and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Jacobsen, J and Japaridze, GS and Jlelati, Ola and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kiryluk, J and Kislat, F and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Kopke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krasberg, M and Kroll, G and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Laihem, K and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lauer, R and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meszaros, P and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Middell, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Movit, SM and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Obertacke, A and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and Olivo, M and O'Murchadha, A and Panknin, S and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pieloth, D and Pirk, N and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Radel, L and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Richman, M and Riedel, B and Rodrigues, JP and Rothmaier, F and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Salameh, T and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheel, M and Scheriau, F and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonherr, L and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schulte, L and Schulz, O and Seckel, D and Seo, SH and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Smith, MWE and Soiron, M and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahler, EA and Strom, R and Sullivan, GW and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Toscano, S and Usner, M and van der Drift, D and van Eijndhoven, N and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Walter, M and Wasserman, R and Weaver, C and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, C and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Ziemann, J and Zilles, A and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {1550-7998},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL REVIEW D},
  keywords     = {ENERGIES,GLUON,TEV,MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {13},
  title        = {Lateral distribution of muons in IceCube cosmic ray events},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.87.012005},
  volume       = {87},
  year         = {2013},
}

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