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CWM1: a general model to describe biokinetic processes in subsurface flow constructed wetlands

(2009) WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 59(9). p.1687-1697
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Abstract
This paper presents the Constructed Wetland Model No1 (CWM1), a general model to describe biochemical transformation and degradation processes for organic matter, nitrogen and sulphur in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. The main objective of CWM1 is to predict effluent concentrations from constructed wetlands without predicting gaseous emissions. CWM1 describes aerobic, anoxic and anaerobic processes and is therefore applicable to both horizontal and vertical flow systems. 17 processes and 16 components (8 soluble and 8 particulate) are considered. CWM1 is based on the mathematical formulation as introduced by the IWA Activated Sludge Models (ASMs). It is important to note that besides the biokinetic model a number of other processes including porous media hydrodynamics, the influence of plants, the transport of particles/suspended matter to describe clogging processes, adsorption and desorption processes and physical re-aeration must be considered for the formulation of a full model for constructed wetlands
Keywords
CWM1, constructed wetlands, mechanistic model, numerical simulation, subsurface flow, SIMULATION, BACTERIA

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Chicago
Langergraber, Guenter, Diederik Rousseau, Joan García, and Javier Mena. 2009. “CWM1: a General Model to Describe Biokinetic Processes in Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands.” Water Science and Technology 59 (9): 1687–1697.
APA
Langergraber, G., Rousseau, D., García, J., & Mena, J. (2009). CWM1: a general model to describe biokinetic processes in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 59(9), 1687–1697.
Vancouver
1.
Langergraber G, Rousseau D, García J, Mena J. CWM1: a general model to describe biokinetic processes in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2009;59(9):1687–97.
MLA
Langergraber, Guenter, Diederik Rousseau, Joan García, et al. “CWM1: a General Model to Describe Biokinetic Processes in Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands.” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 59.9 (2009): 1687–1697. Print.
@article{3239744,
  abstract     = {This paper presents the Constructed Wetland Model No1 (CWM1), a general model to describe biochemical transformation and degradation processes for organic matter, nitrogen and sulphur in subsurface flow constructed wetlands. The main objective of CWM1 is to predict effluent concentrations from constructed wetlands without predicting gaseous emissions. CWM1 describes aerobic, anoxic and anaerobic processes and is therefore applicable to both horizontal and vertical flow systems. 17 processes and 16 components (8 soluble and 8 particulate) are considered. CWM1 is based on the mathematical formulation as introduced by the IWA Activated Sludge Models (ASMs). It is important to note that besides the biokinetic model a number of other processes including porous media hydrodynamics, the influence of plants, the transport of particles/suspended matter to describe clogging processes, adsorption and desorption processes and physical re-aeration must be considered for the formulation of a full model for constructed wetlands},
  author       = {Langergraber, Guenter and Rousseau, Diederik and Garc{\'i}a, Joan and Mena, Javier},
  issn         = {0273-1223},
  journal      = {WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1687--1697},
  title        = {CWM1: a general model to describe biokinetic processes in subsurface flow constructed wetlands},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.131},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2009},
}

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