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Abstract
Objective-To determine the incidence of adverse events within 24 hours after contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in dogs and cats and compare the risk of death within 24 hours after imaging for animals that underwent ultrasonography with and without injection of a contrast agent. Design-Retrospective case-control study. Animals-750 animals (411 case dogs, 238 control dogs, 77 case cats, and 24 control cats). Procedures At 11 institutions, medical records were reviewed of dogs and cats that had CEUS performed (cases) as were medical records of dogs and cats with clinical signs similar to those of case animals that had ultrasonography performed without injection of a contrast agent (controls). Information regarding signalment; preexisting disease; type, dose, and administration route of contrast agent used; immediate (within 1 hour after CEUS) and delayed (>1 and <= 24 hours after CEUS) adverse events; and occurrence and cause of death (when available) was extracted from each medical record. Risk of death within 24 hours after ultrasonography was compared between case and control animals. Results-Of the 411 case dogs, 3 had immediate adverse events (vomiting or syncope) and 1 had a delayed adverse event (vomiting). No adverse events were recorded for case cats. Twenty-three of 357 (6.4%) clinically ill case animals and 14 of 262 (5.3%) clinically ill control animals died within 24 hours after ultrasonography; risk of death did not differ between cases and controls. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that CEUS was safe in dogs and cats.
Keywords
MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, ULTRASOUND CONTRAST, STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, LIVER NODULES, AGENT, MEDIA, MYELOGRAPHY, BRAIN, CT

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Citation

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MLA
Seiler, Gabriela S, James C Brown, Jennifer A Reetz, et al. “Safety of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonography in Dogs and Cats: 488 Cases (2002–2011).” JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 242.9 (2013): 1255–1259. Print.
APA
Seiler, G. S., Brown, J. C., Reetz, J. A., Taeymans, O., Bucknoff, M., Rossi, F., Ohlerth, S., et al. (2013). Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002–2011). JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 242(9), 1255–1259.
Chicago author-date
Seiler, Gabriela S, James C Brown, Jennifer A Reetz, Olivier Taeymans, Melissa Bucknoff, Frederica Rossi, Stefanie Ohlerth, et al. 2013. “Safety of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonography in Dogs and Cats: 488 Cases (2002–2011).” Javma-journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 242 (9): 1255–1259.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Seiler, Gabriela S, James C Brown, Jennifer A Reetz, Olivier Taeymans, Melissa Bucknoff, Frederica Rossi, Stefanie Ohlerth, Daniela Alder, Nathalie Rademacher, WM Tod Drost, Rachel E Pollard, Olga Travetti, Pascaline Pey, Jimmy Saunders, Myriam M Shanaman, Cintia R Oliveira, Robert T O’Brien, and Lorrie Gaschen. 2013. “Safety of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonography in Dogs and Cats: 488 Cases (2002–2011).” Javma-journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 242 (9): 1255–1259.
Vancouver
1.
Seiler GS, Brown JC, Reetz JA, Taeymans O, Bucknoff M, Rossi F, et al. Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002–2011). JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. 2013;242(9):1255–9.
IEEE
[1]
G. S. Seiler et al., “Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002–2011),” JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, vol. 242, no. 9, pp. 1255–1259, 2013.
@article{3239299,
  abstract     = {Objective-To determine the incidence of adverse events within 24 hours after contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in dogs and cats and compare the risk of death within 24 hours after imaging for animals that underwent ultrasonography with and without injection of a contrast agent.
Design-Retrospective case-control study. 
Animals-750 animals (411 case dogs, 238 control dogs, 77 case cats, and 24 control cats).
Procedures At 11 institutions, medical records were reviewed of dogs and cats that had CEUS performed (cases) as were medical records of dogs and cats with clinical signs similar to those of case animals that had ultrasonography performed without injection of a contrast agent (controls). Information regarding signalment; preexisting disease; type, dose, and administration route of contrast agent used; immediate (within 1 hour after CEUS) and delayed (>1 and <= 24 hours after CEUS) adverse events; and occurrence and cause of death (when available) was extracted from each medical record. Risk of death within 24 hours after ultrasonography was compared between case and control animals.
Results-Of the 411 case dogs, 3 had immediate adverse events (vomiting or syncope) and 1 had a delayed adverse event (vomiting). No adverse events were recorded for case cats. Twenty-three of 357 (6.4%) clinically ill case animals and 14 of 262 (5.3%) clinically ill control animals died within 24 hours after ultrasonography; risk of death did not differ between cases and controls.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results indicated that CEUS was safe in dogs and cats.},
  author       = {Seiler, Gabriela S and Brown, James C and Reetz, Jennifer A and Taeymans, Olivier and Bucknoff, Melissa and Rossi, Frederica and Ohlerth, Stefanie and Alder, Daniela and Rademacher, Nathalie and Drost, WM Tod and Pollard, Rachel E and Travetti, Olga and Pey, Pascaline and Saunders, Jimmy and Shanaman, Myriam M and Oliveira, Cintia R and O'Brien, Robert T and Gaschen, Lorrie},
  issn         = {0003-1488},
  journal      = {JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION},
  keywords     = {MAGNETIC-RESONANCE,ULTRASOUND CONTRAST,STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY,LIVER NODULES,AGENT,MEDIA,MYELOGRAPHY,BRAIN,CT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1255--1259},
  title        = {Safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in dogs and cats: 488 cases (2002–2011)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.242.9.1255},
  volume       = {242},
  year         = {2013},
}

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