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Macro-level gender equality and depression in men and women in Europe

(2013) SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS. 35(5). p.682-698
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Abstract
A recurrent finding in international literature is a greater prevalence of depression in women than in men. While explanations for this gender gap have been studied extensively at the individual level, few researchers have studied macro-level determinants of depression in men and women. In the current study we aim to examine the micro-macro linkage of the relationship between gender equality and depression by gender in Europe, using data from the European Social Survey, 2006-2007 (N=39,891). Using a multilevel framework we find that a high degree of macro-level gender equality is related to lower levels of depression in both women and men. It is also related to a smaller gender difference in depression, but only for certain social subgroups and only for specific dimensions of gender equality.
Keywords
WELFARE-STATE REGIMES, depression, Europe, macro-level gender equality, MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS, CROSS-NATIONAL VARIATION, LIFE-COURSE, HEALTH, WORK, STRATIFICATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, gender, INEQUALITY, PARENTHOOD

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Van de Velde, Sarah, Tim Huijts, Clare Bambra, and Piet Bracke. 2013. “Macro-level Gender Equality and Depression in Men and Women in Europe.” Sociology of Health & Illness 35 (5): 682–698.
APA
Van de Velde, Sarah, Huijts, T., Bambra, C., & Bracke, P. (2013). Macro-level gender equality and depression in men and women in Europe. SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS, 35(5), 682–698.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Velde S, Huijts T, Bambra C, Bracke P. Macro-level gender equality and depression in men and women in Europe. SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS. 2013;35(5):682–98.
MLA
Van de Velde, Sarah, Tim Huijts, Clare Bambra, et al. “Macro-level Gender Equality and Depression in Men and Women in Europe.” SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS 35.5 (2013): 682–698. Print.
@article{3236292,
  abstract     = {A recurrent finding in international literature is a greater prevalence of depression in women than in men. While explanations for this gender gap have been studied extensively at the individual level, few researchers have studied macro-level determinants of depression in men and women. In the current study we aim to examine the micro-macro linkage of the relationship between gender equality and depression by gender in Europe, using data from the European Social Survey, 2006-2007 (N=39,891). Using a multilevel framework we find that a high degree of macro-level gender equality is related to lower levels of depression in both women and men. It is also related to a smaller gender difference in depression, but only for certain social subgroups and only for specific dimensions of gender equality.},
  author       = {Van de Velde, Sarah and Huijts, Tim and Bambra, Clare and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {0141-9889},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS},
  keywords     = {WELFARE-STATE REGIMES,depression,Europe,macro-level gender equality,MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS,CROSS-NATIONAL VARIATION,LIFE-COURSE,HEALTH,WORK,STRATIFICATION,UNEMPLOYMENT,gender,INEQUALITY,PARENTHOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {682--698},
  title        = {Macro-level gender equality and depression in men and women in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2012.01521.x},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2013},
}

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