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The impact of policy measures and coaching on the availability and accessibility of early child care: a longitudinal study

Michel Vandenbroeck (UGent) , Naomi Geens (UGent) and Hans Berten (UGent)
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Abstract
We conducted a study of changes in the availability, accessibility and enrolment of children from low-income, single-parent and ethnic minority families in early child care centres. The study was carried out in Brussels which offers unique possibilities to study accessibility in a context in which quality and costs are controlled across centres. A survey on access policies in 89 day care centres, and on 150 mothers regarding their search process, was complemented by two focus groups attended by centre directors. The results were compared with data from a similar study we conducted in 2005. The results show that while inequality in availability has remained, centre directors' awareness of social priority criteria has changed, resulting in a significant increase in the enrolment of children from single-parent and ethnic minority families, and – to a lesser extent – an increase in the enrolment of children from low-income families. The results support the hypothesis that policy measures, combined with support, can influence inequalities in enrolment rates.
Keywords
MOTHERS, QUALITY, INFANT CARE, LOW-INCOME FAMILIES, PREDICTORS, EDUCATION, PARENTS, CHOICE, OUTCOMES, PUZZLES, accessibility, early childhood education, enrollment, equity, policy

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Chicago
Vandenbroeck, Michel, Naomi Geens, and Hans Berten. 2014. “The Impact of Policy Measures and Coaching on the Availability and Accessibility of Early Child Care: a Longitudinal Study.” Ed. Hessle Sven. International Journal of Social Welfare 23 (1): 69–79.
APA
Vandenbroeck, M., Geens, N., & Berten, H. (2014). The impact of policy measures and coaching on the availability and accessibility of early child care: a longitudinal study. (H. Sven, Ed.)INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE, 23(1), 69–79.
Vancouver
1.
Vandenbroeck M, Geens N, Berten H. The impact of policy measures and coaching on the availability and accessibility of early child care: a longitudinal study. Sven H, editor. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2014;23(1):69–79.
MLA
Vandenbroeck, Michel, Naomi Geens, and Hans Berten. “The Impact of Policy Measures and Coaching on the Availability and Accessibility of Early Child Care: a Longitudinal Study.” Ed. Hessle Sven. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE 23.1 (2014): 69–79. Print.
@article{3230250,
  abstract     = {We conducted a study of changes in the availability, accessibility and enrolment of children from low-income, single-parent and ethnic minority families in early child care centres. The study was carried out in Brussels which offers unique possibilities to study accessibility in a context in which quality and costs are controlled across centres. A survey on access policies in 89 day care centres, and on 150 mothers regarding their search process, was complemented by two focus groups attended by centre directors. The results were compared with data from a similar study we conducted in 2005. The results show that while inequality in availability has remained, centre directors' awareness of social priority criteria has changed, resulting in a significant increase in the enrolment of children from single-parent and ethnic minority families, and -- to a lesser extent -- an increase in the enrolment of children from low-income families. The results support the hypothesis that policy measures, combined with support, can influence inequalities in enrolment rates.},
  author       = {Vandenbroeck, Michel and Geens, Naomi and Berten, Hans},
  editor       = {Sven, Hessle},
  issn         = {1369-6866},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE},
  keyword      = {MOTHERS,QUALITY,INFANT CARE,LOW-INCOME FAMILIES,PREDICTORS,EDUCATION,PARENTS,CHOICE,OUTCOMES,PUZZLES,accessibility,early childhood education,enrollment,equity,policy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {69--79},
  publisher    = {John Wiley \& Sons Ltd},
  title        = {The impact of policy measures and coaching on the availability and accessibility of early child care: a longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.111/ijsw.12020},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2014},
}

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