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The relation between presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence

Heidi Janssens (UGent) , Els Clays (UGent) , Bart De Clercq (UGent) , Dirk De Bacquer (UGent) and Lutgart Braeckman (UGent)
(2013) JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH. 55(3). p.132-141
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Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between sickness presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence in 2,983 Belgian middle-aged workers. Methods: Data were collected from 1,372 male and 1,611 female workers. Presenteeism was assessed by a single question, evaluating the frequency of occasions of going at work, despite illness, during the preceding year. Prospective, registered sickness absence data were collected during 12 months of follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationship between presenteeism and short/long spells of absenteeism and high sickness absence frequency. Results: High rates (>5 times) of presenteeism at baseline were significantly and independently associated with both long spells of sickness absence (at least 15 consecutive sick leave days) (men, OR=2.73, 95% CI=1.24-6.03; women, OR= 2.40, 95% CI=1.31-4.40) and short spells of sickness absence (sick leave between 1 and 3 days) (men, OR=2.38, 95% CI=1.25-4.51; women, OR=1.90, 95% CI=1.17-3.11) in both genders during one year follow-up. Moderate rates (2-5 times) of presenteeism were significantly associated with long spells of sickness absence only in the male group (OR=1.90, 95% CI=1.21-2.97). With regard to high sickness frequency (at least 3 sick leave episodes), a significant and positive association with high rates of presenteeism was demonstrated only in the female workers (OR=2.38, 95% CI=1.40-4.04). Conclusions: These results suggest that presenteeism was related to different types of future sickness absence.
Keywords
HEALTH CONDITIONS, PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS, Longitudinal study, Organization of work, Presenteeism, Sickness absence, WORK-RELATED FACTORS, EMPLOYEES, PRODUCTIVITY, WHITEHALL-II, JOB STRESS, LEAVE, PREDICTORS, EVENTS

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Chicago
Janssens, Heidi, Els Clays, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, and Lutgart Braeckman. 2013. “The Relation Between Presenteeism and Different Types of Future Sickness Absence.” Journal of Occupational Health 55 (3): 132–141.
APA
Janssens, H., Clays, E., De Clercq, B., De Bacquer, D., & Braeckman, L. (2013). The relation between presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, 55(3), 132–141.
Vancouver
1.
Janssens H, Clays E, De Clercq B, De Bacquer D, Braeckman L. The relation between presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH. 2013;55(3):132–41.
MLA
Janssens, Heidi, Els Clays, Bart De Clercq, et al. “The Relation Between Presenteeism and Different Types of Future Sickness Absence.” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH 55.3 (2013): 132–141. Print.
@article{3227581,
  abstract     = {Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between sickness presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence in 2,983 Belgian middle-aged workers.
Methods: Data were collected from 1,372 male and 1,611 female workers. Presenteeism was assessed by a single question, evaluating the frequency of occasions of going at work, despite illness, during the preceding year. Prospective, registered sickness absence data were collected during 12 months of follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationship between presenteeism and short/long spells of absenteeism and high sickness absence frequency.
Results: High rates ({\textrangle}5 times) of presenteeism at baseline were significantly and independently associated with both long spells of sickness absence (at least 15 consecutive sick leave days) (men, OR=2.73, 95\% CI=1.24-6.03; women, OR= 2.40, 95\% CI=1.31-4.40) and short spells of sickness absence (sick leave between 1 and 3 days) (men, OR=2.38, 95\% CI=1.25-4.51; women, OR=1.90, 95\% CI=1.17-3.11) in both genders during one year follow-up. Moderate rates (2-5 times) of presenteeism were significantly associated with long spells of sickness absence only in the male group (OR=1.90, 95\% CI=1.21-2.97). With regard to high sickness frequency (at least 3 sick leave episodes), a significant and positive association with high rates of presenteeism was demonstrated only in the female workers (OR=2.38, 95\% CI=1.40-4.04).
Conclusions: These results suggest that presenteeism was related to different types of future sickness absence.},
  author       = {Janssens, Heidi and Clays, Els and De Clercq, Bart and De Bacquer, Dirk and Braeckman, Lutgart},
  issn         = {1341-9145},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH},
  keyword      = {HEALTH CONDITIONS,PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS,Longitudinal study,Organization of work,Presenteeism,Sickness absence,WORK-RELATED FACTORS,EMPLOYEES,PRODUCTIVITY,WHITEHALL-II,JOB STRESS,LEAVE,PREDICTORS,EVENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {132--141},
  title        = {The relation between presenteeism and different types of future sickness absence},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2013},
}

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